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Militarized social reproduction: women's labour and parastate armed conflict
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Political Science, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
2022 (English)In: Critical Military Studies, ISSN 2333-7486, E-ISSN 2333-7494, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 58-76Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article brings together research on civil wars and militarization with feminist scholarship on the household in order to push theorization on civil wars in new directions. By introducing the concept of militarized social reproduction to capture the multiple ways in which women's everyday labour in both the household and the army underpins militarization processes, this article proposes that parastate armed conflict is enabled, at least in part, through women's everyday gendered activities. It suggests that this labour is particularly important in parastates experiencing long-term civil wars. In these settings, public funds, to the extent that they exist, are diverted from social welfare services to enable the expansion, or simply survival, of military power. Under these circumstances, the duty to reproduce both the individual soldier and the army writ-large is placed disproportionally on the shoulders of women. Several general types of this gendered labour, though interrelated, can be distinguished from one another through a typology of militarized social reproduction. This typology considers not only physical labour, but also the emotional and symbolic labour used to resource and legitimize armed conflict in non-material ways. It is therefore not only the physical effects of the labour that have consequences for the war, but also the ways in which women are called upon to symbolize and legitimize warfare. Such a focus enables important insights into the nexus formed between the everyday space of the gendered household and conflict, and furthers knowledge about the relationship of gender to different modalities of militarization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2022. Vol. 8, no 1, p. 58-76
Keywords [en]
civil war, feminist political economy, militarization, parastates, Social reproduction
National Category
Gender Studies Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-203059DOI: 10.1080/23337486.2020.1715056Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85078627323OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-203059DiVA, id: diva2:1727553
Available from: 2023-01-16 Created: 2023-01-16 Last updated: 2023-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Hedström, Jenny

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf