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Convergence and persistent contrasts in the determinants of working-age women in Sweden and Japan living alone since the 1990s
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7559-2571
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR). Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA), Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8296-5313
Faculty of Political Science and Economics, Waseda Institute of Political Economy, and Waseda Institute of Social & Human Capital Studies, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4437-8238
School of Commerce, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2850-1697
2023 (English)In: Genus - Journal of Population Sciences, E-ISSN 2035-5556, Vol. 79, no 11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The increase in one-person households (OPHs) in the developed world is often seen as the result of a trend in which individualistic values and behaviors are replacing family solidarity. Nordic countries have been identified as frontrunners in this development. In Asia, equally developed countries like Japan retain elements of a strong-family system and an asymmetrical gender regime, simultaneously as they are experiencing rapid increases in OPHs. This article aims to uncover how the demographic and socioeconomic composition of OPHs have developed since the 1990s among working-age women in Sweden and Japan. Our results show that, in particular, civil status and income play different roles for OPH-living in Sweden and Japan. In contrast to Japan, the level of OPHs remained stable over time in Sweden, and even declined among women with high incomes. This suggests that the negative association between family formation and women’s economic activity is temporary and only prevails as long as society has not adapted to the convergence of men’s and women’s socioeconomic roles. The findings are discussed in light of the "second demographic transition" and "dual equilibrium theory".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023. Vol. 79, no 11
Keywords [en]
One-person households, Single living, Gender, Family systems, Sweden, Japan
National Category
History Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Population studies; Historical Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-208295DOI: 10.1186/s41118-023-00192-yISI: 000989156300001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85159594948OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-208295DiVA, id: diva2:1757582
Projects
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation (Grant No. 2019.0029)Available from: 2023-05-17 Created: 2023-05-17 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, GlennPadyab, Mojgan

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