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Models of leaving home: patterns and trends in Sweden, 1830–1959
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).ORCID iD: 0009-0000-0050-8486
Department of Economy and Society, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Centre for Economic Demography, Department of Economic History, Lund University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2340-4668
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7559-2571
2023 (English)In: The History of the Family, ISSN 1081-602X, E-ISSN 1873-5398, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 601-629Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we examine the development of age at leaving the parental household in Sweden between the years 1830-1959. We utilize individual-level longitudinal data from two geographically and socioeconomically different regions: the county of Scania in the very south of Sweden, and Västerbotten to the north. We use descriptive and multivariate analyses to investigate how determinants, such as age at marriage and socioeconomic status, affected the age at leaving the parental household over time and between different subgroups, such as sex and rural-urban setting. We show that the age at leaving the parental household was initially low but increased strongly during industrialization but fell again during the interwar period and onwards. Regional and subgroup differences in age at leaving the parental household were small throughout the investigated period, indicating that the development was general in nature. Therefore, we argue that our results indicate that different models governed the structures and norms of home leaving during our investigated period. More specifically, a pre-industrial model gradually shifted into an industrial model, with the latter one becoming dominant in the 1920s. In the pre-industrial model, leaving home was shaped by the life-cycle service system. In the industrial model, age at marriage instead became a main determinant of home leaving.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2023. Vol. 28, no 3, p. 601-629
Keywords [en]
Young adult, Parental home, Industrialization, Sweden
National Category
History
Research subject
Population studies; Historical Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-210407DOI: 10.1080/1081602x.2023.2222111ISI: 001013759400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85162661127OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-210407DiVA, id: diva2:1772092
Projects
the Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, grant number MAW 2019.0029Jan Wallander’s and Tom Hedelius’ Foundation and Tore Browaldh Foundation (P18-0130)the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences (RJ) for the program “The Rise and Fall of the Industrial City: Landskrona Population Study”, grant number M15-0173:1
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M15-0173:1Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation, MAW 2019.0029Available from: 2023-06-21 Created: 2023-06-21 Last updated: 2024-05-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Rural migration regimes: long-term trends in northern Sweden 1850-2019
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rural migration regimes: long-term trends in northern Sweden 1850-2019
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Migrationsregimer på landsbygd : långsiktiga trender i norra Sverige 1850-2019
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to describe and analyze the dynamics of rural migration in northern Sweden,focusing on how these dynamics were influenced by and contributed to societal restructuring from 1850 to2019. During this long time period, rural living went from being the norm to exceedingly more uncommonas Sweden transitioned from an agrarian to a modern industrial and later service-based economy. To asignificant extent, this transition has been fueled by rural-urban migration and has had adverseconsequences for rural areas, particularly in northern Sweden. The study utilizes both historical populationregisters and modern national public authority registers to quantitatively investigate the development ofrural migration through more than a century and a half of societal restructuring. Specifically, the intensity,direction, timing, economic outcomes, and selectivity of migration. The results highlight how regionalspecificities, economic transformations, and structural changes have shaped rural migration patterns innorthern Sweden over time, with effects ranging from the population to the individual level.

Four main migration regimes with distinctive features were discerned by analyzing trends and patterns inrural migration over time. The thesis shows how these regimes have been produced by the interplay betweenthe specific regional conditions found in northern Sweden and the long-term economic and societalrestructuring of the country. A pre-industrial migration regime was dominant up until the late 19th centurywhen the predominantly agricultural economy of Sweden shaped rural migration. This regime wassucceeded by both an early and late industrial regime from the 1880s up until the 1960s, where theincreasing dominance of urban-industrial life and the expansion of the secondary sector of the economystarted to increasingly influence the way in which rural folk moved. From the 1970s onward, what can bestbe described as a post-industrial regime has characterized the northern rural migration, as higher educationand the tertiary sector have increasingly influenced rural migration behavior and outcomes. In essence,rural migration in northern Sweden has been shaped by economic, demographic, institutional, andnormative changes since the mid-19th century. The increasingly urban-centered society has influenced thelife trajectories of rural residents, shaping the migration dynamics in rural areas in incremental steps overthis extended period of time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2024. p. 97
Series
Report from the Demographic Data Base, ISSN 0349-5132 ; 36
Keywords
Rural migration, Industrialization, Life-course, Sparsely populated regions, Rural/Urban relationship, Sweden
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-224026 (URN)978-91-8070-373-4 (ISBN)978-91-8070-374-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-06-07, Hörsal HUMD.220, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-05-17 Created: 2024-05-06 Last updated: 2024-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Sundvall, SamuelSandström, Glenn

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