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Sámi traditional medicine and complementary and alternative medicine: a descriptive study of use within the Sámi population of Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Global Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2354-7258
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 82, no 1, article id 2222908Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Traditional medicine has been practised for millennia in the Sámi population, based on a Sámi worldview and cosmology, which includes natural remedies, prayers, drums and yoik singing. During the Christianisation of the Sámi during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, these practices were condemned. In recent years, however, a revival of Sámi culture has occurred and so has the practice of Sámi traditional medicine (STM) and the use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM). The aim of this study is to map the prevalence and use of STM and CAM among Sámi in Sweden today. The study population consisted of 3641 Sámi from the whole of Sweden, who had participated in the population-based cross-sectional survey Sámi Health on Equal Terms (SámiHET) in 2021. Our results show that women are more prone to use both STM and CAM than men and that younger persons are more likely to use STM and CAM than elderly persons. STM is more often used in the northern parts of Sápmi compared to the southern parts as well as a lower use of CAM in the north. This might be due to the stronger Sámi identity and easier access to traditional Sámi healers/helpers in the north as well as limited access to CAM services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023. Vol. 82, no 1, article id 2222908
Keywords [en]
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), Descriptive study, Health, education, Sámi, Sámi Traditional Medicine (STM), Sápmi
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-210894DOI: 10.1080/22423982.2023.2222908ISI: 001003979900001PubMedID: 37311116Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85161833313OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-210894DiVA, id: diva2:1776808
Available from: 2023-06-28 Created: 2023-06-28 Last updated: 2023-06-28Bibliographically approved

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Anne, OumaJacobsson, LarsNilsson, Lena Maria

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Anne, OumaJacobsson, LarsNilsson, Lena Maria
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Department of Epidemiology and Global HealthPsychiatry
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