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Being a newly qualified nurse: a Nordic focus group study
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4636-514X
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1074-0729
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, Bodø, Norway.
2024 (English)In: Sage Open Nursing, E-ISSN 2377-9608, Vol. 10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: The transition to working life as a newly qualified nurse (NQN) can be challenging, leading to heightened stress levels. While NQNs are generally enthusiastic about starting their careers, they often express concerns about various responsibilities and a perceived lack of experience in independently dealing with clinical care in complex environments.

Objective: To acquire an in-depth understanding, from a caring science perspective, of what it means to be an NQN during the transition period of the first 18 months in the profession.

Methods: This study relied on an exploratory qualitative design. The methodological approach followed Gadamer's hermeneutic philosophy. Six focus group interviews were conducted in northern Norway (n = 3) and northern Sweden (n = 3) from January through May 2021. The interpretation of the data was inspired by Fleming et al. Nineteen female and seven male NQNs working in different contexts, including hospitals and municipalities, participated in the study. The consolidated criteria for qualitative research were used to report the results.

Results: Perspectives on NQNs are presented as three themes: a) the responsibility was perceived as a significant challenge, b) being a nurse is complex and demanding, and c) a desire for personal and professional development. Learning to be a nurse shouldering responsibility necessitates support and guidance from caring and compassionate colleagues and leaders.

Conclusions:  This study sheds light on the importance of creating a workplace culture where NQNs’ learning is promoted and supported by designated mentors during their transition to working life. The responsibilities should be aligned with their level of knowledge. It is important that leaders hold developmental dialogues and ensure a career plan for NQNs to continuously develop their knowledge and skills. Intervention studies designed to evaluate the meaning of the support from appointed mentors within structured mentorship programs are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2024. Vol. 10
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223026DOI: 10.1177/23779608241244679ISI: 001194391600001PubMedID: 38562954Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85192800576OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-223026DiVA, id: diva2:1849569
Funder
Umeå University, 202100-2874Region Västerbotten, 232100-0222Available from: 2024-04-08 Created: 2024-04-08 Last updated: 2024-05-28Bibliographically approved

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Bölenius, Karin

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