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Comparing didactic approaches for practical skills learning in Scandinavian nursing simulation centres: a qualitative comparative study
Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Porsgrunn, Norway.
Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Porsgrunn, Norway.
School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Public Health Science, Institute of Health and Society, Medical Faculty, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
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2024 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aim: To explore and compare the didactic approaches to practical skills learning at simulation centres in Scandinavian universities and university colleges.

Background: Academic simulation centres are an important arena for learning practical nursing skills which are essential to ensure competent performance regarding patient safety and quality of care. Knowledge of didactic approaches to enhance learning is essential in promoting the provision and retention of students' practical nursing skills. However, research on didactical approaches to practical nursing skills learning is lacking.

Design: A qualitative comparative design was used.

Methods: During November and December 2019, interviews were conducted with a total of 37 simulation centre directors or assistant directors, each of whom possessed in-depth knowledge of practical skills in teaching and learning. They represented bachelor nursing education in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. A qualitative deductive content analysis was conducted.

Results: The results revealed all five predetermined didactical components derived from the didactical relationship model. Twenty-two corresponding categories that described a variation in didactic approaches to practical skills learning in Scandinavian nursing simulation centres were identified. The didactical components of Learning process revealed mostly similarities, Setting mostly differences and Assessment showed only differences in didactic approaches.

Conclusion: Although various didactic approaches were described across the countries, no common approach was found. Nursing educational institutions are encouraged to cooperate in developing a shared understanding of how didactic approaches can enhance practical skills learning.

Implications for Profession and/or Patient Care: Cross-country comparisons of practical nursing skills learning in Scandinavian countries highlight the importance of educator awareness concerning the impact diverse didactic approaches may have on competent performance in nursing education. Competent performance is pivotal for ensuring patient safety and the provision of high-quality care.

Patient or Public Contribution: No Patient or Public Contribution.

Reporting Method: This study followed the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research reporting guidelines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2024.
Keywords [en]
bachelor nursing education, cross-country, deductive analysis, didactic, didactical components, didactical relationship model, pedagogy, practical nursing skills, qualitative comparative research, simulation centre
National Category
Nursing Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-223883DOI: 10.1111/jan.16150ISI: 001194400700001PubMedID: 38558162Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85189633406OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-223883DiVA, id: diva2:1855396
Available from: 2024-04-30 Created: 2024-04-30 Last updated: 2024-04-30

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Bölenius, Karin

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