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Examining the influence of smartphone use on time perception during exercise
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1807-7837
Umeå University.
Umeå University.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2906-5409
2024 (English)In: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP), ISSN 0895-2779, E-ISSN 1543-2904, Vol. 46, no S1, p. S67-S67Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the study was to examine the influence of smartphone use on time perception during exercise. Twenty-four physically active participants (16 females, MVO2max = 43.0 ml/kg/min; 8 males, MVO2max = 56.9 ml/kg/min; Mage = 24.40, SD = 4.35) completed an experimental study comprised of randomized conditions alternating between cycling at a hard intensity and seated rest, whilst their smartphone was: a) used to view ‘Tik Tok’ videos; b) present but not viewed; or c) out of sight. In each condition participants were asked to verbally produce a target amount of time (i.e., 37s) during the trial and upon its completion estimate the duration of the trial (i.e., 330s). Repeated measures ANOVAs indicated smartphones significantly affected participants’ perception of time during and following intervals of cycling and rest. Bonferroni corrected post hoc tests showed that the time production during cycling viewing was significantly shorter when watching videos compared to when the phone was present but not viewed (Mdiff = −6.19, p = .012), 95% CI [−11.2, −1.17], as well as when the phone was out of sight (Mdiff = −4.65, p = .022), 95% CI, [−8.72, −.575]. Following each condition participants estimated the duration of the trial was less time than actual chronometric time, a significant effect of the smartphone conditions was observed F(2, 44) = 7.10, p = .002, ηp2 = .24, although not of physical activity F(1, 23) = 3.33, p = .08, ηp2 = .13. Participants were more accurate in estimating the duration of the trial when they viewed videos on their smartphone. The results of the present study suggest that viewing videos on a smartphone can induce participants to perceive time passing more quickly during exercise, and upon completion of the physical activity judge the duration of exercise to be less than reality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Human Kinetics, 2024. Vol. 46, no S1, p. S67-S67
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-226395DOI: 10.1123/jsep.2024-0136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-226395DiVA, id: diva2:1871656
Conference
North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 5-8, 2024
Available from: 2024-06-17 Created: 2024-06-17 Last updated: 2024-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Davis, Paul A.Åström, Elisabeth

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