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Timing of retirement and mortality: A cohort study of Swedish construction workers
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen. (School of Social Sciences, Kalmar University, 39182 Kalmar, Sweden)
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1773-6896
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin.
2010 (Engelska)Ingår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 70, nr 10, s. 1480-1486Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent studies indicate that early retirement per se may have a negative effect on health to such an extent that it increases mortality risk. One type of early retirement often referred to in these studies is retirement with disability pension/benefit. Given the overall objective of disability benefit programmes - to help the disabled live socially and economically satisfactory lives, freed from exposure to employment health hazards and thus avoid further declines in health - the finding is challenging. This paper examined the relationship between timing of retirement and mortality using a cohort of Swedish construction workers. The mortality risk of disability pensioners - excluding those with diagnoses normally connected to increased mortality - was compared with the risk of those continuing to work. Although initial indications were in line with earlier results, it became obvious that the increased mortality risk of disability pensioners did not depend on early retirement per se but on poor health before early retirement not explicitly recognized in the diagnosis on which the disability pension rested. The results indicate that there are no general differences in mortality depending on timing of retirement. Future studies of mortality differences arising from working or not working must sufficiently control for health selection effects into the studied retirement paths.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2010. Vol. 70, nr 10, s. 1480-1486
Nyckelord [en]
Disability pension, Early retirement, Labour market, Mortality, Survival, Swedish construction workers, Work
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap Samhällsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
allmänmedicin; sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30571DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.10.043ISI: 000277815000004PubMedID: 19932547OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-30571DiVA, id: diva2:284728
Tillgänglig från: 2010-01-08 Skapad: 2010-01-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hult, CarlStattin, MikaelJanlert, UrbanJärvholm, Bengt

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Social Science and Medicine
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