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Population and employment location in Swedish municipalities 1994-2004
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för nationalekonomi. Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för regionalvetenskap (CERUM).
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 48, nr 3, s. 743-762Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The present paper focuses on the location choices of population and employment in Swedish municipalities from 1994 to 2004. Since firm and household location choices exert an apparent influence on municipality population and employment growth, we investigate the impact of various attributes, such as, differences in public revenue and spending patterns between municipalities, amenities, accessibility to jobs, quality of the labour pool, as well as concentration of commercial, private and public services, etc. To analyze the impact of the various attributes and the interdependence between population and employment change, we use a model of the Carlino–Mills type.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2012. Vol. 48, nr 3, s. 743-762
Nyckelord [en]
Location, Growth, Interdependent population and employment
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37020DOI: 10.1007/s00168-010-0412-6ISI: 000305807600006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-37020DiVA, id: diva2:357447
Anmärkning
Published Online 13 October 2010Tillgänglig från: 2010-10-18 Skapad: 2010-10-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Marshallian sources of growth and interdependent location of Swedish firms and households
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Marshallian sources of growth and interdependent location of Swedish firms and households
2010 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of three papers that examine Marshallian sources of growthand interdependent location of Swedish firms and households.

Paper [I] examines the impact of static and dynamic knowledge externalitiesand their impact on Swedish market operating firms growth pattern between1997 and 2005. The three types of externalities are: (i) Marshall-Arrow-Romer(MAR), (ii) Jacobs, and (iii) Porter. My empirical findings for the 40 industriescan briefly be summarized in the following points: (i) static MAR, Jacobsand/or Porter externalities are present in all but nine industries; (ii) except for five cases all industries are exposed to one or more of the MAR, Jacobs and/orPorter type of dynamic externalities; (iii) contrary to previous studies but inline with theoretical predictions, we do find positive and significant effects forstatic as well as dynamic Jacobs externalities.

Paper [II] focuses on the presence of agglomeration economies in the form of labor pooling and educational matching and their impact on economic growth in Swedish manufacturing and service industries from 1997 to 2005. To accomplish this I employ a translog production function that enables me to decompose the total agglomeration elasticities into returns that accrue to: direct agglomeration effects, an indirect effect of agglomeration at given input levels, a cross agglomeration effect of matching on labor pooling and vice versa. Household services is the single industry where both the labor pooling and matching hypothesis is supported by our data. Publishing is the sole instance of betterinput usage due to matching consistent with the theoretical claim.

Paper [III] studies the interdependent location choices of households and firms expressed as population and employment in Swedish municipalities. Using a model of the Carlino-Mills type to investigate the impact of various location attributes such as differences in public revenue and spending patterns, accessibility to jobs and potential workforce, quality of the labor pool, concentration ofcommercial, private and public services. The findings suggest that fiscal factors significantly alters the impact of housing and accessibility attributes compared to exiting studies on Swedish data. Another finding, in line with previous studies, indicate that there is a significant degree of inertia in household and firm location choices.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Department of Economics, 2010. s. 23
Serie
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 815
Nyckelord
Information and knowledge spillover; MAR, Jacobs and Porter externalities; labor pooling; interdependent location choice; panel data
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37021 (URN)978-91-7459-084-5 (ISBN)
Disputation
2010-11-19, Naturvetarhuset, N-320, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2010-10-21 Skapad: 2010-10-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Sörensson, Robert

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