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Environmental policy and profitability: Evidence from Swedish industry
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Environmental and Resource Economics (CERE). Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Business Administration. Department of Forest Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden.
2010 (English)In: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 12, no 1-2, p. 59-78Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the effect of a CO2 tax on profitability by using firm-level data on output and inputs from Swedish industry between 1990 and 2004. The purpose of this exercise is to investigate the validity of the so-called Porter hypothesis. By utilizing a factor-demand modeling approach, and specifying a profit function that has a technology component dependent upon firm-specific effective tax on CO2, we are able to separate out the effect of regulatory pressure on technological progress. The results indicate that there is evidence of a “reversed” Porter effect in most industrial sectors, especially in energy-intensive industries; that is, after controlling for the fuel price effect, technological progress and consequently profits are further negatively affected by the CO2 tax.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2010. Vol. 12, no 1-2, p. 59-78
Keywords [en]
CO2 tax, Factor demands, Technological progress, Porter hypothesis
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37115DOI: 10.1007/s10018-010-0163-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-37115DiVA, id: diva2:357967
Available from: 2010-10-20 Created: 2010-10-20 Last updated: 2019-01-31Bibliographically approved

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Brännlund, RunarLundgren, Tommy

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