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Migration and mortality trajectories: a study of individuals born in the rural community of Överkalix, Sweden
Department of Bioscience and Nutrition, Karolinska institutet, Huddinge.
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping.
Department of Bioscience and Nutrition, Karolinska institutet, Huddinge.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). (Ageing and living conditions ; Arcum)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7439-002X
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2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 73, nr 5, s. 744-751Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Migration may result in exposure to factors that are both beneficial and harmful for good health. How the act of migration is associated with mortality, or whether the socio-economic condition of migrants prior to migration influences their mortality trajectory, is not well understood. In the present study, a cohort of 413 randomly selected individuals born in the rural community of Överkalix, Sweden, between 1890 and 1935 were followed from birth to either death or old age. Around 50% of the study-population moved away from Överkalix at one time or another. To adjust for a potential bias resulting from self-selection among the migrants, the father’s occupational status was used together with parents’ and grandparents’ longevity. Overall, migration could not be shown to predict mortality when the backgrounds of the migrants were taken into account. Nonetheless, socio-economic background conditions appeared to moderate the association, decreasing the mortality rates for migrants with relatively good pre-migratory socio-economic conditions, while increasing it for migrants with poorer pre-migratory conditions. However, further scrutiny revealed that this effect modification mainly affected the female migrants’ mortality. In conclusion, the study suggests that there is no general association between migration and mortality, but that migrants with better socio-economic resources are more likely to improve their mortality trajectories than migrants with poorer resources. Better pre-migratory conditions hence appear to be important for avoiding health-adverse circumstances and gaining access to health beneficial living conditions when moving to foreign environments – especially for women.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford: Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 73, nr 5, s. 744-751
Nyckelord [en]
Sweden, migration, mortality, trajectory, pre-migration conditions, self-selection, industrialisation, urbanisation
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin
Forskningsämne
socialmedicin; epidemiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-45750DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.055OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-45750DiVA, id: diva2:434760
Tillgänglig från: 2011-08-16 Skapad: 2011-08-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Edvinsson, SörenBygren, Lars Olov

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Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS)Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering
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Social Science and Medicine
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologiArbetsmedicin och miljömedicin

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