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Keeping up with the Joneses, the Smiths and the Tanakas: Optimal Income Taxation and RelativeConsumption in a Multi-Country Economy
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Nationalekonomi.
Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2013 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Recent empirical evidence suggests that between-country social comparisons have become more important over time. This paper analyzes optimal income taxation in a multi-country economy, where consumers derive utility from their relative consumption compared with both other domestic residents and people in other countries. The optimal tax policy in our framework reflects both correction for positional externalities and redistributive aspects of such correction due to the incentive constraint facing each government. If the national governments behave as Nash competitors to one another, the resulting tax policy only internalizes the externalities that are due to within-country comparisons, whereas the tax policy chosen by the leader country in a Stackelberg game also reflects between-country comparisons. We also derive a globally efficient tax structure in a cooperative framework. Nash competition typically implies lower marginal income tax rates than chosen by the leader country in a Stackelberg game, and cooperation typically leads to higher marginal income tax rates than the non-cooperative regimes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Umeå universitet , 2013. , s. 45
Serie
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 862
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-80668OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-80668DiVA, id: diva2:650728
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-23 Laget: 2013-09-23 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert

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