umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Implementing thrombolytic guidelines in stroke care: perceived facilitators and barriers
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Medicin.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för omvårdnad.
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Handelshögskolan vid Umeå universitet, Statistik.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3298-1555
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Medicin.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 412-419Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We performed a qualitative study to identify facilitators of and barriers to the implementation of national guidelines on thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke. We interviewed physicians and nurses at nine Swedish hospitals using 16 explorative, semistructured interviews, and selected hospitals based on their implementation rate of new stroke care methods according to data from the Swedish Stroke Register, Riks-Stroke. Through content analysis, we identified facilitators and barriers to implementation, which we classified into three categories: (a) individuals, (b) social interactions and context, and (c) organizational and resource issues. Insights obtained from this study can be used to identify target areas for improving the implementation of thrombolytic therapy and other new methods in stroke care.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2014. Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 412-419
Nyckelord [en]
health care professionals, interviews semistructured, knowledge utilization, stroke
Nationell ämneskategori
Allmänmedicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83383DOI: 10.1177/1049732313514137ISI: 000332446400011PubMedID: 24259536OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-83383DiVA, id: diva2:666234
Tillgänglig från: 2013-11-22 Skapad: 2013-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Stroke thrombolysis on equal terms?: implementation and ADL outcome
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Stroke thrombolysis on equal terms?: implementation and ADL outcome
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Stroke thrombolysis is a method for restoring cerebral blood flow after ischemic stroke, with high priority in the Swedish national guidelines. implementation of stroke thrombolysis in Swedish routine stroke care has shown marked differences between demographic groups, hospital types, and regions. The general aim of this thesis were to examine the implementation of ischemic stroke thrombolysis in Swedish routine stroke care with an equity perspective; to gain more insight into the factors that influence implementation, how the treatment has reached patient groups, and differences in long-term outcomes between women and men. Analysis of data from research interviews with clinicians working within stroke care displayed that the facilitators of and barriers to the implementation of stroke thrombolysis could broadly be categorized into those related to individuals, to social interactions and context, and to organizational and resource issues. Key facilitating factors expressed in interviews were work pride and motivation, good leadership, involvement of all staff members in the implementation process, and quality assurance. Major barriers concerned lack of competence and experience, outdated attitudes regarding stroke management, counterproductive power structures, lack of continuity, and insufficient human resources. National quality register data displayed that stroke thrombolysis treatment expanded to reach more patients with mild deficits. Groups with higher education were more likely to receive treatment, compared to groups with lower educational level. These education group differences have, however, decreased over time in relative terms, but not in absolute terms. Further, there were considerable between-hospitals differences in treatment rates for patients with milder deficits, associated with hospital’s overall stroke thrombolysis rates. Moreover, larger non-university hospitals displayed treatment rate differences between educational groups that were not attributable to patient characteristics. Among thrombolysis-treated women and men, that was independent in ADL before their stroke and survived the first year post-stroke, women experienced higher probability to be dependent in ADL at both 3 and 12 months post-stroke, compared to men. This difference remained significant despite comprehensive adjustments for individual characteristics, symptom severity, and acute effects from stroke thrombolysis.

This thesis displays that clinicians face barriers and facilitators at several levels, suggesting implementation interventions could be targeted towards both the individual-, the social interactions and context-, and also the organisation and available resources level. Assurance of clinicians’ individual competence, peer support, and clinical leadership seem to be important areas to intervene. Stroke thrombolysis rates have expanded over time, and an increase in stroke thrombolysis delivery to patients with mild stroke symptoms has contributed to this increase. However, it seems considerable differences between hospitals inhibit equity of care delivery. Further, socioeconomically disadvantaged groups receive less often stroke thrombolysis. Type of hospital seems to play a role, yet the reasons for this difference are not fully understood. This thesis also display that stroke thrombolysis-treated women that survive 1 year after stroke, appears to face higher risk for dependency in ADL, compared to men.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2017. s. 66
Serie
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1917
Nyckelord
stroke, reperfusion, thrombolytic therapy, registries, multivariate analysis, healthcare disparities, female, educational status, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-139953 (URN)978-91-7601-711-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2017-10-20, Aulan, Vårdvetarhuset, Umeå, 09:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

Incorrect ISBN in print version 978-91-760-711-1. Correct ISBN should be 978-91-7601-711-1.

Tillgänglig från: 2017-09-29 Skapad: 2017-09-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-10Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMed

Personposter BETA

Stecksén, AnnaLundman, BeritEriksson, MarieGlader, Eva-LottaAsplund, Kjell

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Stecksén, AnnaLundman, BeritEriksson, MarieGlader, Eva-LottaAsplund, Kjell
Av organisationen
MedicinInstitutionen för omvårdnadStatistik
I samma tidskrift
Qualitative Health Research
Allmänmedicin

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 296 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf