umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Plikt och undantag: vapenfrilagstiftningen och det manliga medborgarskapet i Sverige 1965-1978
Umeå universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9512-2841
2014 (Svenska)Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 134, nr 1, s. 31-63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In countries where military conscription has been in force such service has been defined as a masculine duty as opposed to feminine caring and life giving duties. Conscientious objectors not only question a societal contract of duties and civil rights; they also challenge a politically hegemonic masculinity by opting out of one of its main homosocial arenas. This article investigates the changes made to non-combatant conscription service legislation and how it was discussed and designed as a condition for male citizenship in Sweden 1965–1978.

In 1963, the Social democrats and the Liberals demanded changes in the restrictive non-combatant conscription legislation adopted during World War II. Critics regarded the connection of the non-combatant services to the armed forces as too manifest. New legislation was introduced in 1966. A state board was established to evaluate requests for civil service, transferring evaluation from the military to the civilian sector. The non-combatant service areas were expanded in order to take individual requests into consideration, without compromising the need for conscripts within the total national defense. Members of Jehovah’s Witnesses, who refused unconditionally, were controversially exempt from all service, as they were deemed unfit, comparable to alcoholics and anti-socials.

A notable increase of ethical and political non-combatant applications in the last years of the 1960s and early 1970s proved challenging to the 1966 legislation. In 1973 a new governmental commission was appointed to propose changes. One problem was the application evaluation board’s partiality towards religious objectors and the nature of the proceedings, which were criticized for being too intrusive, thus clashing with the objectors’ civil rights. In 1978 the approved service sectors were further expanded into the civilian sector, for example by allowing environmental work, school assistance and service with the Red Cross. The legislative changes indicate that the link between conditioned male citizenship and military service was weakened, when challenged by the non-combatants’ alternative masculinities.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2014. Vol. 134, nr 1, s. 31-63
Nyckelord [en]
non-combatant conscription, conscientious objection, duty, gender, law, political history, Sweden, 1960s, 1970s, hegemonic masculinity, masculine citizenship, conscription army
Nyckelord [sv]
vapenfri tjänst, vapenfrilagstiftning, politisk historia, 1960-tal, 1970-tal, lagstiftning, värnplikt, försvarspolitik, maskulinitet, hegemonisk maskulinitet, medborgarskap, genus, plikt, värnpliktsvägran
Nationell ämneskategori
Humaniora och konst Historia Genusstudier Tvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskap Juridik och samhälle
Forskningsämne
rättshistoria; historia; politikvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-84057ISI: 000336235000003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-84057DiVA, id: diva2:679224
Anmärkning

Title in english: Duty and Exception: Non-Combatant Legislation and the Conditions of Men’s Citizenship in Sweden 1965–1978

Tillgänglig från: 2013-12-13 Skapad: 2013-12-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(260 kB)374 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 260 kBChecksumma SHA-512
50d15a2e5f26e8ddc5d146be41f78c28a6f51f39e046126140c431e5c45c52f16ed1fa32e416ee0185d57d2bb8162553e0f196dca9d9f16614e604f3491deec6
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Övriga länkar

URL

Personposter BETA

Ekerholm, Helena

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Ekerholm, Helena
Av organisationen
Institutionen för idé- och samhällsstudier
I samma tidskrift
Historisk Tidskrift (S)
Humaniora och konstHistoriaGenusstudierTvärvetenskapliga studier inom samhällsvetenskapJuridik och samhälle

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 374 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

urn-nbn
Totalt: 419 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf