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Effect of ozone on bronchial mucosal inflammation in asthmatic and healthy subjects
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Lungmedicin. Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, University Hospital, Umeå.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Lungmedicin. Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, University Hospital, Umeå.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Lungmedicin. Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, University Hospital, Umeå.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2002 (engelsk)Inngår i: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, E-ISSN 1532-3064, Vol. 96, nr 5, s. 352-358Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Epidemiological studies suggestthat asthmatics are more affected by ozone than healthy people. This study tested three hypotheses (1) that short-term exposure to ozone induces inflammatory cell increases and up-regulation of vascular adhesion molecules in airway lavages and bronchial tissue 6 h after ozone exposure in healthy subjects; (2) these responses are exaggerated in subjects with mild allergic asthma; (3) ozone exacerbates pre-existent allergic airways inflammation. We exposed 15 mild asthmatic and 15 healthy subjects to 0.2 ppm of ozone or filtered air for 2 h on two separate occasions. Airway lavages and bronchial biopsies were obtained 6 h post-challenge. We found that ozone induced similar increases in bronchial wash neutrophils in both groups, although the neutrophil increase in the asthmatic group was on top of an elevated baseline. In healthy subjects, ozone exposure increased the expression of the vascular endothelial adhesion molecules P-selectin and ICAM- 1, as well as increasing tissue neutrophil and mast cell numbers. The asthmatics showed allergic airways inflammation at baseline but ozone did not aggravate this at the investigated time point. At 6 h post-ozone-exposure, we found no evidence that mild asthmatics were more responsive than healthy to ozone in terms of exaggerated neutrophil recruitment or exacerbation of pre-existing allergic inflammation. Further work is needed to assess the possibility of a difference in time kinetics between healthy and asthmatic subjects in their response to ozone.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Saunders Elsevier, 2002. Vol. 96, nr 5, s. 352-358
Emneord [en]
asthma, pollution, ozone, airways inflammation, neutrophil
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-85673DOI: 10.1053/rmed.2001.1265ISI: 000176651800009PubMedID: 12113386OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-85673DiVA, id: diva2:695060
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-02-10 Laget: 2014-02-10 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert

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