umu.sePublikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Anemia and malnutrition in indigenous children and adolescents of the Peruvian Amazon in a context of lead exposure: a cross-sectional study
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7234-3510
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Indigenous children and adolescents of the Peruvian Amazon live in precarious conditions that could increase the risk of malnutrition. A particular problem in the Corrientes river communities is the high exposure to lead among children and adolescents. Objective: This study aimed to determine the nutritional status of children and adolescents in indigenous communities in the Corrientes river basin and examine risk factors for anemia, stunting, underweight, and wasting. Design: This was a cross-sectional assessment in children and adolescents aged 0-17 years from six communities (n = 330). Data collection included measurement of hemoglobin levels, anthropometrics, blood lead levels (BLLs); a parental questionnaire including demographic and dwelling information; parents' occupation; and the child's duration of breastfeeding and food consumption. Analysis included univariate, bivariate, and logistic regression. Results: Overall, anemia prevalence was 51.0%, stunting (proxy for chronic malnutrition) 50.0%, and underweight 20.0%. Bivariate analysis showed that anemia and underweight prevalence was higher in the 0-4 years group (p<0.05). No association was found between anemia, stunting, or underweight with gender, community exposure to oil activity, or consumption of river water. Stunting prevalence was higher in the group whose BLLs were >5 mu g/dL (p<0.05). In the logistic regression analysis, no variable was associated with anemia or underweight. The group 5-11 years and >12 years had 1.9 and 3.1 times higher risk of stunting than the group under five years, respectively. Children and adolescents with BLLs >5 mu g/dL had twice the risk of stunting compared to those with lower BLLs. Conclusions: Half of the study population was found with anemia and stunting. Anemia was more prevalent in the 0- to 5-year age group and stunting in the 12- to 17-year group. The association between stunting and BLLs might be attributed to a direct effect of lead on human growth. Also, poor nutrition and other socioeconomic-related factors may contribute to the simultaneous existence of stunting and elevated BLLs.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2014. Vol. 7
Emneord [en]
anemia, malnutrition, indigenous, Peruvian Amazon, lead exposure
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-87048DOI: 10.3402/gha.v7.22888ISI: 000331405000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-87048DiVA, id: diva2:708970
Tilgjengelig fra: 2014-03-31 Laget: 2014-03-18 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-08bibliografisk kontrollert

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(634 kB)353 nedlastinger
Filinformasjon
Fil FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstørrelse 634 kBChecksum SHA-512
19526dfd49baaad7993bc50ca7ee2ad9f469b24e13fe4d7488a9b2cf8e54922b3486624291ef78ed5205081a81b56a2fefe904fb966e7ebf2a2ae1c9da3de342
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Andre lenker

Forlagets fulltekst

Personposter BETA

San Sebastian, Miguel

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
San Sebastian, Miguel
Av organisasjonen
I samme tidsskrift
Global Health Action

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 353 nedlastinger
Antall nedlastinger er summen av alle nedlastinger av alle fulltekster. Det kan for eksempel være tidligere versjoner som er ikke lenger tilgjengelige

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 549 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf