Setting Cost-Effectiveness Thresholds: Clashing Opinions, Ignorance, and an Absence of Data.: Conflicting approaches in setting cost-effective thresholds for the implementation of new medical treatments.
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The amount a government should be willing to invest in adapting new medical treatments has long been under debate. With many countries using formal cost-effectiveness thresholds when examining potential new treatments and ever growing medical costs, accurately setting the level of a C/E threshold can be essential for an efficient healthcare system. Through reviewing previous literature, this paper examines major theories used in justifying and constructing a C/E threshold and the implications these have upon the health of a population. This paper further discusses current obstacles faced with the presently available data. A preliminary exploratory analysis was performed with collected data in order to determine if potential patterns exist between GDP per capita and WTP per QALY, national C/E thresholds and health, WTP per QALY and health, and C/E thresholds and GDP per capita . Only one potential pattern was identified; C/E thresholds and GDP per capita (r = 0.79). However, in countries where data on both WTP per QALY and C/E thresholds is available, average WTP per QALY is 24% larger than the average C/E threshold. More and better quality data will need to be generated and collected for research in this field to be able to continue.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 37 p.
, Centre for Public Health Report Series, ISSN 1651-341x ; 2016:9
Setting cost-effectiveness thresholds, implementation of new medical treatments, C/E threshold, efficient healthcare system
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126558OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-126558DiVA: diva2:1033931
Master's Programme in Public Health
2016-05-23, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 08:15 (English)
Norström, Fredrik, Associate Professor
Lindholm, Lars, Professor