Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Longitudinal study exploring factors associated with neck/shoulder pain at 52 years of age.
Institutionen för laboratoriemedicin, Karolinska institutet.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Journal of Pain Management, ISSN 1939-5914, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 9, 303-310 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the ability of work-related measurements, body composition, physical activity, and fitness levels to predict neck/shoulder pain (upper body pain, UBP) at the age of 52 years. Another aim was to investigate the cross-sectional relationships between UBP, work-related factors, and individual factors at the age of 52 years.

METHODS: We followed a randomly selected cohort of 429 adolescents that was recruited in 1974 (baseline), when they were 16 years old. The participants completed physical fitness tests, questions about sociodemographic and lifestyle factors at 16, 34, and 52 years of age, and questions about work-related factors and pain in the follow-ups. Logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations between UBP and the other variables.

RESULTS: Univariate logistic regression analyses showed that high body mass index and the work-related factors, low control, and low social support at the age of 34 years were related to UBP at the age of 52 years. For social support, there was an interaction between men and women where the relationship between low social support and the experience of pain was more evident for women. Among women, body mass index and social support remained significantly related in the multivariate analyses. For men, social support remained significantly related. Cross-sectional relationships at the age of 52 differed from the longitudinal in the sense that measures of joint flexibility and work posture were also significantly associated with UBP.

CONCLUSION: The fact that the cross-sectional differed from the longitudinal relationships strengthens the importance of performing longitudinal studies when studying factors that might influence the initiation of pain. UBP preventative measures might need to include both lifestyle (such as dietary habits and physical activity to ensure that the individuals are not becoming overweight) and work-related factors such as social support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 9, 303-310 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126596DOI: 10.2147/JPR.S93845PubMedID: 27307762OAI: diva2:1034749
Available from: 2016-10-13 Created: 2016-10-11 Last updated: 2016-10-13

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lundell, SaraMadison, GuyAasa, Ulrika
By organisation
In the same journal
Journal of Pain Management

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link