Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Challenges facing European agriculture and possible biotechnological solutions
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Critical reviews in biotechnology, ISSN 0738-8551, E-ISSN 1549-7801, Vol. 36, no 5, 875-883 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Agriculture faces many challenges to maximize yields while it is required to operate in an environmentally sustainable manner. In the present study, we analyze the major agricultural challenges identified by European farmers (primarily related to biotic stresses) in 13 countries, namely Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, UK and Turkey, for nine major crops (barley, beet, grapevine, maize, oilseed rape, olive, potato, sunflower and wheat). Most biotic stresses (BSs) are related to fungi or insects, but viral diseases, bacterial diseases and even parasitic plants have an important impact on yield and harvest quality. We examine how these challenges have been addressed by public and private research sectors, using either conventional breeding, marker-assisted selection, transgenesis, cisgenesis, RNAi technology or mutagenesis. Both national surveys and scientific literature analysis followed by text mining were employed to evaluate genetic engineering (GE) and non-GE approaches. This is the first report of text mining of the scientific literature on plant breeding and agricultural biotechnology research. For the nine major crops in Europe, 128 BS challenges were identified with 40% of these addressed neither in the scientific literature nor in recent European public research programs. We found evidence that the private sector was addressing only a few of these neglected challenges. Consequently, there are considerable gaps between farmer's needs and current breeding and biotechnology research. We also provide evidence that the current political situation in certain European countries is an impediment to GE research in order to address these agricultural challenges in the future. This study should also contribute to the decision-making process on future pertinent international consortia to fill the identified research gaps.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 36, no 5, 875-883 p.
Keyword [en]
Automated literature analysis, biotic stress, breeding, cisgenesis, marker-assisted selection, igonucleotide directed mutagenesis, patent, text mining, transgenesis
National Category
Microbiology Agricultural Biotechnology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-125966DOI: 10.3109/07388551.2015.1055707ISI: 000381054700009PubMedID: 26133365OAI: diva2:1037640
Available from: 2016-10-17 Created: 2016-09-23 Last updated: 2016-10-17

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Jansson, Stefan
By organisation
Umeå Plant Science Centre (UPSC)
In the same journal
Critical reviews in biotechnology
MicrobiologyAgricultural Biotechnology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link