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Upfront bevacizumab may extend survival for glioblastoma patients who do not receive second-line therapy: an exploratory analysis of AVAglio
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology. Regional Cancer Center Stockholm Gotland, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2016 (English)In: Neuro-Oncology, ISSN 1522-8517, E-ISSN 1523-5866, Vol. 18, no 9, 1313-1318 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In this post-hoc, exploratory analysis, we examined outcomes for patients enrolled in the AVAglio trial of front-line bevacizumab or placebo plus radiotherapy/temozolomide who received only a single line of therapy. Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma received protocol-defined treatment until progressive disease (PD). Co-primary endpoints were investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). After confirmed PD, patients were treated at the investigators' discretion. PFS/OS were assessed in patients with a PFS event who did not receive post-PD therapy (Group 1) and patients with a PFS event who received post-PD therapy plus patients who did not have a PFS event at the final data cutoff (Group 2). Kaplan-Meier methodology was used. A multivariate Cox proportional hazards model for known prognostic variables was generated. Results: Baseline characteristics were balanced. In patients with a PFS event who did not receive post-PD therapy (Group 1; n = 225 [24.4% of the intent-to-treat population]), the addition of bevacizumab to radiotherapy/temozolomide resulted in a 3.6-month extension in both median PFS (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62, P =.0016) and median OS (HR: 0.67, P =.0102). Multivariate analyses supported this OS benefit (HR: 0.66). In the remaining patients (Group 2; n = 696), a 5.2-month PFS extension was observed in bevacizumab-treated patients (HR: 0.61, P<.0001); OS was comparable between the treatment arms (HR: 0.88, P =.1502). No significant differences in safety were observed between the 2 groups. Conclusion: This exploratory analysis suggests that the addition of bevacizumab to standard glioblastoma treatment prolongs PFS and OS for patients with PD who receive only one line of therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2016. Vol. 18, no 9, 1313-1318 p.
Keyword [en]
bevacizumab, crossover, glioblastoma, newly diagnosed, overall survival
National Category
Cancer and Oncology Neurology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126749DOI: 10.1093/neuonc/now046ISI: 000384005900019PubMedID: 27006178OAI: diva2:1038722
Available from: 2016-10-19 Created: 2016-10-13 Last updated: 2016-10-19Bibliographically approved

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