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Lack of SIRP alpha phosphorylation and concomitantly reduced SHP-2-PI3K-Akt2 signaling decrease osteoblast differentiation
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
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2016 (English)In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC, ISSN 0006-291X, E-ISSN 1090-2104, Vol. 478, no 1, 268-273 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Normal differentiation of bone forming osteoblasts is a prerequisite for maintenance of skeletal health and is dependent on intricate cellular signaling pathways, including the essential transcription factor Runx2. The cell surface glycoprotein CD47 and its receptor signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRP alpha) have both been suggested to regulate bone cell differentiation. Here we investigated osteoblastic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells from SIRP alpha mutant mice lacking the cytoplasmic signaling domain of SIRPa. An impaired osteoblastogenesis in SIRP alpha-mutant cell cultures was demonstrated by lower alkaline phosphatase activity and less mineral formation compared to wild-type cultures. This reduced osteoblastic differentiation potential in SIRPa-mutant stromal cells was associated with a significantly reduced expression of Runx2, osterix, osteocalcin, and alkaline phosphatase mRNA, as well as a reduced phosphorylation of SHP-2 and Akt2, as compared with that in wild-type stromal cells. Addition of a PI3K-inhibitor to wild-type stromal cells could mimic the impaired osteoblastogenesis seen in SIRP alpha-mutant cells. In conclusion, our data suggest that SIRPa signaling through SHP-2-PI3K-Akt2 strongly influences osteoblast differentiation from bone marrow stromal cells. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 478, no 1, 268-273 p.
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-126495DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.07.048ISI: 000381332800041PubMedID: 27422603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-126495DiVA: diva2:1040503
Available from: 2016-10-27 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2016-10-27Bibliographically approved

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Holm, Cecilia KoskinenSulniute, RimaOldenborg, Per-ArneLundberg, Pernilla
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Department of OdontologyDepartment of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB)
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Dentistry

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