Reduced myocardial strain is the best predictor of left atrial fibrosis and symptoms in patients undergoing heart transplantation
2016 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Background: Left ventricular systolic dysfunction and raised diastolic pressures contribute to progressive left atrial (LA). We aimed to assess LA peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS), in predicting the extent of LA fibrosis in patients with end-stage heart failure (HF) undergoing heart transplantation (HTx).
Methods: We studied 48 patients with severe systolic HF (EF≤25% and NYHA class III-IV) before HTx. PALS, LA volume and LA stiffness were all measured. From the LA myocardial histological analysis, the ratio of fibrotic to total sample area determined the extent of fibrosis (%). Right heart catheterization and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were also assessed.
Results: LA fibrosis correlated strongly with PALS (R=-0.76; p<0.0001) and NYHA class (R=0.73; p<0.0001) and to a lesser extent with VO2 max (R=-0.65; p=0.001), LA stiffness (R=0.58; p=0.001), PAoP (R=0.51; p=0.03), E/e′ (R=0.55; p=0.01) and E/A (R=0.46; p=0.01). Global PALS correlated modestly with VO2 max (R=0.53; p=0.001) and LA volume (R=-0.48; p=0.01) and weakly with E/e′ (R=-0.36; p=0.03). Multivariate regression analysis identified global PALS as the main determinant of LA myocardial fibrosis (β =-0.62, p<0.001). A cut off value of 7.6% gave an AUC of 0.79 on the ROC curve with a sensitivity of 87% and specificity of 84% in predicting >50% myocardial fibrosis.
Conclusions:LA PALS is the most accurate LA function parameter that correlates with the extent of myocardial fibrosis in patients with advanced systolic HF requiring HTx.PALS of 7.6% could be used as a cut off value for identifying patients with severe LA fibrosis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127292OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-127292DiVA: diva2:1044686