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Occupational Therapy Interventions towards Generalized Anxiety Syndrome: Literature review
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Occupational Therapy.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

 Personer med kronisk ångest upplever ofta svårigheter med att hantera dagliga aktiviteter. Kronisk ångest betecknas även som generaliserat ångestsyndrom (GAD). Det finns lite forskning kring hur arbetsterapeuter kan arbeta med personer med denna typ av ångest. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva arbetsterapeutiska interventioner riktade mot personer med generaliserat ångest syndrom. Den metod som användes var en litteraturöversikt, artiklar hämtades från databaserna Amed, Academic Search Elite, Cinahl, Medline och PsycInfo. Efter manuell sökning inkluderades ytterligare några artiklar. Alla publicerades mellan år 2000-2015. Sex kvantitativa och tolv kvalitativa artiklar analyserades och kategoriserades i fyra kategorier, hälsovanor, fysisk träning, goda relationer, identitetsutveckling och livsmening. Arbetsterapeutiska interventioner gav god effekt i att mildra ångest, förbättra dagliga aktiviteter (ADL) samt förbättrade Personernas livsbalans. Resultaten kan vara till hjälp för det patienter med GAD inom det Svenska hälsosystemet. För att ytterligare belysa området skulle framtida forskningar kunna nyttja både kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder samt beskriva den specifika situationen för men respektive kvinnor. Arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för personer med GAD blir effektivast genom multikontextuell behandling.

 

Sökord: Arbetsterapi, GAD, livsstil, balans och aktiviteter.

Abstract [en]

Having difficulties in dealing with daily activities is one of the signs experienced by individuals with a chronic anxiety termed as Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). There is little research about how Occupational Therapists can work with persons with this type of anxiety. The aim was to describe occupational therapists’ interventions towards individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). The method used was a literature review study, and the articles were collected from Amed, Academic Search Elite, Cinahl, medline, PsycInfo and some were manually searched. The years ranged between 2000-2015. 6 quantitative and 12 qualitative articles were critically analyzed and later categorized under four different sub-topics. Which include healthy habits and physical exercises, good relationships, identity development and meaning in life. Occupational Therapy interventions gave positive effects in mitigating anxiety, improving activities of daily living (ADL) and fulfilling the concepts in the model of lifestyle balance. The result can be helpful to the Swedish health system and to patients. More research on a specific gender, research basing on qualitative and quantitative separately are encouraged for more research on GAD. Occupational Therapy interventions for persons with GAD become more effective through a combination of multi interventional methods. 

 

             Keywords: Occupational therapy, GAD, lifestyle balance and activities.

    

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 31 p.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127517OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-127517DiVA: diva2:1046679
Educational program
Occupational Therapy Programme
Presentation
2016-05-31, 10:30 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-11-15 Created: 2016-11-14 Last updated: 2016-11-15Bibliographically approved

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