umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Effects of spacing and sibship size on adult earnings: Results from a propensity score analysis on a population-based cohort
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå School of Business and Economics (USBE), Statistics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History, Economic and social geography.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Research has shown that the sibling constellation impacts on adult life chances. The outcomes commonly investigated are education and various forms of psychological factors such as cognitive ability. In this study we investigate an outcome relatively few have studied before – adult earnings. Three different sibling constellations are in focus: 1) being an only child, 2) having many siblings, and 3) close birth spacing between siblings. The national context is Sweden, and the study is based on administrative data, including all individuals born in the country in 1973. The outcome variable is mean labour market earnings from age 33 to 35. Using propensity score matching, we show that individuals having grown up with more than two siblings have substantially lower earnings in adulthood than those with fewer siblings. However, no significant difference was found between individuals having a closely spaced sibling and those who do not have closely spaced siblings. We also could not find any differences between only children and children with siblings.

Keyword [en]
Propensity score matching, siblings, earnings
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-127657DiVA: diva2:1047145
Available from: 2016-11-16 Created: 2016-11-16 Last updated: 2016-11-17
In thesis
1. The impact of family composition on adult earnings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of family composition on adult earnings
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis addresses to what extent childhood family composition – the number of siblings and whether the parents live together, or whether there are non-parental adults and/or half-siblings in the household or not – contributes to variations in adult earnings. The theoretical perspective suggests that resources mediate the effect. While research has shown that siblings, as well as divorce and remarriage, are negatively linked to child outcomes, there are inconsistencies in previous literature. There has been debate over the unconfoundedness of previous studies, something that is handled here by analyzing large sets of representative data using a robust parameter. The longitudinal dataset used is based on Swedish administrative data and the cohorts analyzed are born in the beginning of the 1970s. The data structure is well suited for the assumptions underlying the semi-parametric method propensity score matching.

The findings show that family size impacts on adult earnings. However, this is not always of concern. For example, no effect of siblings is found in affluent families, and if siblings are closely spaced this results in better outcomes for children. Divorce and remarriage do not seem to lower the future earnings of children. Thus, this thesis shows that some of the most well-established patterns in the sociology of the family, namely the link between number of siblings and adult earnings, and between divorce/family re-formation and adult earnings, can be broken by resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2016. 35 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; A78
Keyword
Family composition, siblings, divorce, remarriage, adult earnings, propensity score matching
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127663 (URN)978-91-7601-596-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-12-09, Hörsal E, Humanisthuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-18 Created: 2016-11-16 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

By organisation
Department of SociologyStatisticsEconomic and social geography
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 73 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf