Population and size dependent responses in fish production to climate change
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Climate change is predicted to increase water temperatures and export of terrestrial dissolved matter (TDOM) to aquatic ecosystems with concomitant effects on ecosystem productivity and production of consumers at the top of the food web. Here we study how increased level of TDOM and temperature alone or in combination affect benthic and pelagic primary production and biomass production of fish in replicated large scale outdoor pond experiment. We increased temperature (+3 ̊C) and TDOM concentrations (×2.5) using natural high TDOM water from a small creek and used naturally reproducing three-spine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) populations as model fish species. Gross primary production (GPP) was similar to ambient control conditions in all treatments although increased TDOM concentrations deceased benthic but stimulated pelagic GPP, presumably as a result of decreased light availability and increased nutrient availability, respectively. The production of young-of-the-year (YOY), older, and total fish population were negatively affected by warming, whereas increased TDOM caused decreased YOY and total fish production. Effect of temperature on fish production were likely a result of increased metabolic cost in relation to resource production and intake rates whereas the negative effect of TDOM on fish production was likely a result of decreasing benthic resource production. However, the combined effect on fish production of warming and TDOM was only intermediate compared to individual treatments. Our study suggest climate change will lead to decreased fish production and that the effect may be most pronounced in clear systems dominated by benthic GPP .
Research subject Animal Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127935OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-127935DiVA: diva2:1048250
FunderThe Kempe FoundationsSwedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 621-2011-3908Ecosystem dynamics in the Baltic Sea in a changing climate perspective - ECOCHANGE