Utility of cooling overshoot for energy efficient thermal comfort in temporarily occupied space
2016 (English)In: Building and Environment, ISSN 0360-1323, E-ISSN 1873-684X, Vol. 109, 199-207 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Temporarily occupied space (TOS) is defined as an air-conditioned space in which most of occupants stay for less than a certain period (e.g., 40 min) such as post offices, supermarkets, bookstores and banks. After moving from a hot and humid outdoor environment to TOS in summer, thermal alliesthesia takes effect, which refers to 'thermal pleasure sensation and overshoot generated by the restoration of thermal stress toward a neutral interior condition'. Because of the overshoot, occupants' acceptable temperature ranges in TOS are possibly elevated while they still feel thermally comfortable. To study the temperature ranges, a human subjective response study was performed in one climatic chamber used to simulate TOS in Tianjin. Real outdoor environments, instead of chamber simulated outdoor environments, were used for exploring this thermal transient process. Sixteen healthy university students, 8 males and 8 females, were exposed to an outdoor environment for 20 min before they stayed in the chamber for 40 min. Their votes on thermal sensation, comfort and preference were recorded for evaluation at different time points. The results show that the recommended design standard effective temperature (SET) range of TOS is between 24.5 degrees C and 26.5 degrees C. Meanwhile, thermal comfort for staffs who have long term exposure to TOS could be maintained by personal comfort systems such as desk fans or personalized ventilation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 109, 199-207 p.
Temporal overshoot, Thermal comfort, Temporarily occupied space, Design temperature, Energy saving
Engineering and Technology Building Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128004DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.09.020ISI: 000386401200016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128004DiVA: diva2:1048625