Re-vegetation processes in cutaway peat production fields in Estonia in relation to peat quality and water regime
2016 (English)In: Environmental Monitoring & Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, E-ISSN 1573-2959, Vol. 188, no 12, 655Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Eighty-one cutaway peat production fields with a total area of about 9000 ha exist and were studied in Estonia in 2005-2015. Only a very small number of the fields (seven) have been restored-either afforested or used for growing berries. The re-vegetation of Estonian cutaway peat production fields is mainly the result of natural processes, which are generally very slow due to an unfavourable water regime or a too thin remaining peat layer. The fields are mostly covered by cotton grass and birches. Often sparse vegetation covers 15-20% of a peat field, but some fields have turned into heaths or grasslands with plant coverage up to 60%. However, due to changes in environmental (mainly hydrological) conditions and peat characteristics (mainly peat type), these areas can also be new niches for several species. A number of moss species new to or rare in Estonia, e.g. Pohlia elongata, Ephemerum serratum, Campylopus introflexus and Bryum oblongum, were recorded.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 188, no 12, 655
Cutaway peat fields, Re-vegetation, Peat, Water regime, Estonia
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128101DOI: 10.1007/s10661-016-5669-5PubMedID: 27826820OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128101DiVA: diva2:1049037