Experiences of Jaw-neck Training among Patients with Local and Generalized Muscle Pain
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a generic term for a group of musculoskeletal conditions in the jaw-head region, where myofascial pain is the most common subtype. Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by widespread chronic pain, which often involves also the trigeminally innervated regions. Treatment of chronic pain conditions is a challenging task. Previous studies indicated that exercise therapy might be effective in treating these conditions. The object of this study was to evaluate patients’ experience of supervised training directed to the jaw-neck area.
The study used mixed methods, with emphasis on qualitative methodology. The study is based on an evaluation form consisting of both closed and open questions. The text analysis was based on content analysis. The participants were divided into two groups; patients with local TMD myalgia (n=80; 65 women and 15 men, mean age 41 yrs, SD 13), and patients with TMD pain associated with generalized pain (n=46; 43 women and 3 men, mean age 41 yrs, SD 13).
The main findings were that patients with TMD pain reported positive experiences of exercise therapy. They emphasized the possibility to participate in individualized and demanding exercise program. They expressed feelings of being noticed and taken seriously as well as a respectful reception to be key factors for successful treatment.
The supervised exercise program was acknowledged as a valuable part of the participants’ treatment. The hypothesis generated was that individualized and gradually demanding exercise tasks in the rehabilitation process, aiming at improved function and pain reduction, stimulates the self-efficacy and confidence of chronic pain patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Temporomandibular joint disorder Content analysis Exercise program Patient outcome
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128121OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128121DiVA: diva2:1049169
Wänman, AndersHäggman-Henrikson, Birgitta