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What commodities and countries impact inequality in the global food system?
Umeå universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters, ISSN 1748-9326, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 11, nr 9, artikel-id 095013Artikel i tidskrift, Letter (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The global distribution of food production is unequal relative to the distribution of human populations. International trade can increase or decrease inequality in food availability, but little is known about how specific countries and commodities contribute to this redistribution. We present a method based on the Gini coefficient for evaluating the contributions of country and commodity specific trade to inequality in the global food system. We applied the method to global food production and trade data for the years 1986-2011 to identify the specific countries and commodities that contribute to increasing and decreasing inequality in global food availability relative to food production. Overall, international trade reduced inequality in food availability by 25%-33% relative to the distribution of food production, depending on the year. Across all years, about 58% of the total trade links acted to reduce inequality with similar to 4% of the links providing 95% of the reduction in inequality. Exports from United States of America, Malaysia, Argentina, and Canada are particularly important in decreasing inequality. Specific commodities that reduce inequality when traded include cereals and vegetables. Some trade connections contribute to increasing inequality, but this effect is mostly concentrated within a small number of commodities including fruits, stimulants, and nuts. In terms of specific countries, exports from Slovenia, Oman, Singapore, and Germany act to increase overall inequality. Collectively, our analysis and results represent an opportunity for building an enhanced understanding of global-scale patterns in food availability.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016. Vol. 11, nr 9, artikel-id 095013
Nyckelord [en]
food security, inequality footprint, Gini coefficient, network analysis, international trade
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap Ekologi Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-127625DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/9/095013ISI: 000385393300009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-127625DiVA, id: diva2:1050797
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-30 Skapad: 2016-11-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Seekell, David A.

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