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Meddling with middle modalities: a decomposition approach to mental health inequalities between intersectional gender and economic middle groups in northern Sweden
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Epidemiologi och global hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7134-8256
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Global Health Action, ISSN 1654-9716, E-ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 9, artikel-id 32819Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Intersectionality has received increased interest within population health research in recent years, as a concept and framework to understand entangled dimensions of health inequalities, such as gender and socioeconomic inequalities in health. However, little attention has been paid to the intersectional middle groups, referring to those occupying positions of mixed advantage and disadvantage.

OBJECTIVE: This article aimed to 1) examine mental health inequalities between intersectional groups reflecting structural positions of gender and economic affluence and 2) decompose any observed health inequalities, among middle groups, into contributions from experiences and conditions representing processes of privilege and oppression.

DESIGN: Participants (N=25,585) came from the cross-sectional 'Health on Equal Terms' survey covering 16- to 84-year-olds in the four northernmost counties of Sweden. Six intersectional positions were constructed from gender (woman vs. men) and tertiles (low vs. medium vs. high) of disposable income. Mental health was measured through the General Health Questionnaire-12. Explanatory variables covered areas of material conditions, job relations, violence, domestic burden, and healthcare contacts. Analysis of variance (Aim 1) and Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis (Aim 2) were used.

RESULTS: Significant mental health inequalities were found between dominant (high-income women and middle-income men) and subordinate (middle-income women and low-income men) middle groups. The health inequalities between adjacent middle groups were mostly explained by violence (mid-income women vs. men comparison); material conditions (mid- vs. low-income men comparison); and material needs, job relations, and unmet medical needs (high- vs. mid-income women comparison).

CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests complex processes whereby dominant middle groups in the intersectional space of economic affluence and gender can leverage strategic resources to gain mental health advantage relative to subordinate middle groups.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2016. Vol. 9, artikel-id 32819
Nyckelord [en]
intersectionality, socioeconomic factors, health inequality, mental health, gender, Sweden, decomposition analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
folkhälsa
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128399DOI: 10.3402/gha.v9.32819ISI: 000395820800001PubMedID: 27887668OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128399DiVA, id: diva2:1051928
Anmärkning

Special Issue: Gender and Health Inequality - intersections with other relevant axes of oppression. 

Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-05 Skapad: 2016-12-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

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Gustafsson, Per E.Sebastián, Miguel SanMosquera, Paola A.

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