umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Decreasing prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm and changes in cardiovascular risk factors
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Kirurgi.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Medicin. (Skellefteå Research Unit ; Arcum)
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Medicin.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Vascular Surgery, ISSN 0741-5214, E-ISSN 1097-6809, Vol. 65, nr 3, s. 651-658Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: A significant reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular disease, including abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), has been observed in the past decades. In this study, a small but geographically well defined and carefully characterized population, previously screened for AAA and risk factors, was re-examined 11 years later. The aim was to study the reduction of AAA prevalence and associated factors.

METHODS: All men and women aged 65 to 75 years living in the Norsjö municipality in northern Sweden in January 2010 were invited to an ultrasound examination of the abdominal aorta, registration of body parameters and cardiovascular risk factors, and blood sampling. An AAA was defined as an infrarenal aortic diameter ≥30 mm. Results were compared with a corresponding investigation conducted in 1999 in the same region.

RESULTS: A total of 602 subjects were invited, of whom 540 (90%) accepted. In 2010, the AAA prevalence was 5.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.8%-8.5%) among men compared with 16.9% (95% CI, 12.3%-21.6%) in 1999 (P < .001). The corresponding figure for women was 1.1% (95% CI, 0.0%-2.4%) vs 3.5% (95% CI, 1.2%-5.8%; P = .080). A low prevalence of smoking was observed in 2010 as well as in 1999, with only 13% and 10% current smokers, respectively (P = .16). Treatment for hypertension was significantly more common in 2010 (58% vs 44%; P < .001). Statins increased in the population (34% in 2010 vs 3% in 1999; P < .001), and the lipid profile in women had improved significantly between 1999 and 2010.

CONCLUSIONS: A highly significant reduction in AAA prevalence was observed during 11 years in Norsjö. Treatment for hypertension and with statins was more frequent, whereas smoking habits remained low. This indicates that smoking is not the only driver behind AAA occurrence and that lifestyle changes and treatment of cardiovascular risk factors may play an equally important role in the observed recent decline in AAA prevalence.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. Vol. 65, nr 3, s. 651-658
Nationell ämneskategori
Kardiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128529DOI: 10.1016/j.jvs.2016.08.091ISI: 000397987900034PubMedID: 27793513OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128529DiVA, id: diva2:1052442
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-06 Skapad: 2016-12-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltext saknas i DiVA

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMed

Personposter BETA

Persson, Sven-ErikBoman, KurtCarlberg, BoArnerlöv, Conny

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Persson, Sven-ErikBoman, KurtCarlberg, BoArnerlöv, Conny
Av organisationen
KirurgiMedicin
I samma tidskrift
Journal of Vascular Surgery
Kardiologi

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 109 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf