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Genetic screening in sudden cardiac death in the young can save future lives
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9661-2591
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences.
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2016 (English)In: International journal of legal medicine (Print), ISSN 0937-9827, E-ISSN 1437-1596, Vol. 130, no 1, 59-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Autopsy of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the young shows a structurally and histologically normal heart in about one third of cases. Sudden death in these cases is believed to be attributed in a high percentage to inherited arrhythmogenic diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of performing post-mortem genetic analysis for autopsy-negative sudden unexplained death (SUD) in 1 to 35 year olds.

METHODS AND RESULTS: From January 2009 to December 2011, samples from 15 cases suffering SUD were referred to the Department of Clinical Genetics, Umeå University Hospital, Sweden, for molecular genetic evaluation. PCR and bidirectional Sanger sequencing of genes important for long QT syndrome (LQTS), short QT syndrome (SQTS), Brugada syndrome type 1 (BrS1), and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) (KCNQ1, KCNH2, SCN5A, KCNE1, KCNE2, and RYR2) was performed. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was used to detect large deletions or duplications in the LQTS genes. Six pathogenic sequence variants (four LQTS and two CPVT) were discovered in 15 SUD cases (40%). Ten first-degree family members were found to be mutation carriers (seven LQTS and three CPVT).

CONCLUSION: Cardiac ion channel genetic testing in autopsy-negative sudden death victims has a high diagnostic yield, with identification of the disease in 40 of families. First-degree family members should be offered predictive testing, clinical evaluation, and treatment with the ultimate goal to prevent sudden death.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 130, no 1, 59-66 p.
Keyword [en]
Sudden unexplained death, Sudden cardiac death, Molecular autopsy, Long QT syndrome, Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia
National Category
Medical Genetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128555DOI: 10.1007/s00414-015-1237-8ISI: 000368685400006PubMedID: 26228265OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128555DiVA: diva2:1052569
Available from: 2016-12-07 Created: 2016-12-07 Last updated: 2017-02-13Bibliographically approved

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Stattin, Eva-LenaWestin, Ida MariaCederquist, KristinaJonasson, JenniJonsson, Björn-AndersMörner, StellanNorberg, AnnaWisten, Aase
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