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Förändrade kostvanor under studietiden: En kvantitativ enkätstudie på studenter vid Umeå universitet
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Dietary changes during the university period : A quantitative survey study on students at Umeå university (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Då en person går från gymnasiet till universitetet skapas nya vanor och beteendemönster. Studier har visat att det är vanligt att universitetsstudenter ändrar sina matvanor till det sämre och att detta ofta resulterar i viktuppgång. Anledningar till sämre kostvanor bland universitetsstudenter är exempelvis tidsbrist, smakpreferenser, brist på pengar, dålig motivation, tillgänglighet samt att de äter många måltider på universitetets cafeteria.

 

Syfte

Studiens syfte är att undersöka huruvida studenter ändrar sin kost under universitetsperioden och, om så är fallet, orsaker till detta.

 

Metod

Studien genomfördes genom en kvantitativ enkätundersökning. En enkät utformades som sedan delades ut till klasser på olika institutioner vid Umeå universitet under hösten 2016. De inhämtade svaren (n=258) analyserades i statistikprogrammet IBM SPSS 24.

 

Resultat

De flesta studenter angav att de förändrat sin kost på något sätt. Majoriteten av dessa hade ändrat till det bättre. De vanligaste orsakerna till förändrade kostvanor var sociala, ekonomiska och tidsmässiga skäl. Nästan lika många studenter uppgav att de hade gått ner i vikt (genomsnitt 4,9kg) som antal studenter som uppgav att de ökat i vikt (genomsnitt 5,6kg). Det förekom skillnader mellan kön i konsumtion av specifika livsmedel.

 

Slutsats

Till skillnad från tidigare internationella studier visar denna studie att majoriteten av svenska studenter inte ändrar sin kost till det sämre, utan mestadels till det bättre. Eftersom studien visade att studenterna ändrade sina matvanor främst på grund av sociala skäl så bör man utforma preventiva insatser utifrån detta. Sociala medier och informationskampanjer skulle kunna användas för att inspirera till hälsosammare val. 

Abstract [en]

Background

When a person leave high school to study at a university new habits and behavioral patterns are created. Studies have shown that it is not unusual that students embrace less healthy food habits which often result in weight gain. Students self-reported reasons for negative eating habits are on lack of time, taste preferences, lack of money, bad motivation, availability and a lot of dining at the university cafeteria.

 

Objective

The objective is to investigate if students change their diet during the university period and, if that is the case, reasons to those changes.

 

Method

The study was performed as a quantitative survey study. A survey were designed and handed out to classes in different institutions at Umeå university during fall 2016. Reported data (n=258) was analyzed in the statistics program IBM SPSS 24.

 

Results  

Most students indicated that they had changed their diet in some way. The majority had changed their diet for the better. The most common reasons for diet changes were social, economical and time managing reasons. Almost as many students reported that they had lost weight (average 4,9 kg) as students who reported they had gained weight (average 5,6 kg). There were gender differences in consumption of specific foods.

 

Conclusion

In difference from international research, this study shows that the majority of Swedish students do not change their diet for the worse to the same extent, instead they mostly changed their diet for the better. Since the result shows that students change their dietary behaviors mostly because of social reasons one should design preventive measures based on this. Social media and informative campaigns could be used to inspire people in general to embrace healthier lifestyle choices. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [sv]
Kost, studenter, Umeå universitet, vikt, orsaker, kostvanor, boendesituation, boende, livsmedel, konsumtion, matlagning, matlagningskunskaper
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128673OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128673DiVA: diva2:1055245
Subject / course
Uppsats i kostvetenskap
Educational program
Food and nutrition programme
Available from: 2016-12-12 Created: 2016-12-12 Last updated: 2016-12-12Bibliographically approved

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