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Dilute sulphuric acid pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of Moringa oleifera empty pods
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2013 (English)In: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 44, 227-231 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this work, dilute sulphuric acid prehydrolysis of residual empty pods of Moringa oleifera fruits was investigated as pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. In experiments performed at 130–190 °C for 10–30 min, corresponding to a severity range between log Ro = 1.9 and log Ro = 4.2, the effect of pretreatment conditions on the recovery of polysaccharides and on the enzymatic convertibility of cellulose was evaluated. Overall cellulose recovery was above 95% in the pretreatments performed at 130 and 160 °C, and between 87 and 90% in the pretreatments at 190 °C, while xylan recovery in the most severe pretreatments was only 24.7–50.2%. The highest sugar concentration in the acid prehydrolysates (15.0 g/L) was obtained in the pretreatment performed at 160 °C and 20 min. The formation of degradation products was low at mild pretreatment conditions, but it increased with the severity. Furfural concentration reached 4.04 g/L at log Ro = 3.1 and decreased again with a further increase of the pretreatment severity. HMF, formic acid and levulinic acid were formed only in the most severe pretreatments. The pretreatment was effective for improving the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose, and the highest conversion (84.3%) was achieved in the material pretreated at mid severity (log Ro = 3.1).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 44, 227-231 p.
Keyword [en]
Moringa oleifera pods, Dilute-acid hydrolysis, Enzymatic hydrolysis, Lignocellulosic materials, Pretreatment
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128792DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.11.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128792DiVA: diva2:1056397
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-12-14 Last updated: 2016-12-14

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669012005869

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Martín, Carlos
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf