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The Breakthrough of a Post-Materialistic Marital Ideology: The discussion of divorce in Swedish newspapers during the 1960s
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies. Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7559-2571
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, 1-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

During the 1960s and 1970s in Sweden, both the labour force participation rate of married women and the divorce rate increased more than any other period of the 20th century. Higher levels of extramarital fertility, non-marital cohabitation, and increasing age at first birth accompanied the rise of these two rates. These developments exemplify phenomena associated with the second demographic transition (SDT), and were markedly evident in Sweden during the 1960s and 1970s. By investigating the debate on divorce in national newspapers during the 1960s, this study traces the impact of these demographic and socioeconomic changes prior to the implementation of the permissive 1974 divorce law in Sweden. The main finding of the study is that a normative shift occurred in Sweden during the 1960s. From 1964 to 1969, publicly expressed attitudes towards divorce were increasingly characterized by post-materialist and individualistic values and a marital ideology prioritizing individual autonomy and emotional fulfilment started to dominate the debate. Conversely, representatives expressing a conservative view on marriage that framed the conjugal family rather than the individual as the most important social unit were increasingly marginalized in public discussions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. 1-25 p.
Keyword [en]
divorce, Sweden, 1960s, gender regime, second demographic transition, post-materialism, welfare state, de-familialization
National Category
History
Research subject
Historical Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128809DOI: 10.1080/03468755.2016.1261462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128809DiVA: diva2:1056520
Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2017-03-21

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Sandström, Glenn
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Department of historical, philosophical and religious studiesCentre for Demographic and Ageing Research (CEDAR)
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf