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Mixing depth and allochthonous dissolved organic carbon: controlling factors of coastal trophic balance
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF). (Marin ekologi ; EcoChange)
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Umeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF). (Johan Wikner ; Arcum ; EcoChange)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6061-8257
2016 (English)In: Marine Ecology Progress Series, ISSN 0171-8630, E-ISSN 1616-1599, Vol. 561, 17-29 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT: The interacting effects of different mixing depths and increased allochthonous dissolved organic carbon (DOC) on the ratio of heterotrophic to autotrophic production (i.e. trophic balance) was evaluated in a mesocosm study with a stratified water column. An autumn plankton community from the northern Bothnian Sea showed significantly decreased phytoplankton production and somewhat increased bacterial production with added DOC. In addition, increased mixing depth further reduced phytoplankton production. With a deep pycnocline and added DOC, the system became net-heterotrophic, with an average bacteria-to-phytoplankton production ratio of 1.24. With a deep pycnocline without added DOC, the trophic balance was changed to 0.44 (i.e. autotrophic). With a shallow pycnocline, the system remained net-autotrophic irrespective of DOC addition. We propose that increased precipitation in northern Europe due to climate change may result in changed density stratification and increased allochthonous DOC transport to the sea, leading to more heterotrophic coastal aquatic ecosystems. Such a scenario may entail reduced biological production at higher trophic levels and enhanced CO2 emission to the atmosphere.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oldendorf/Luhe, 2016. Vol. 561, 17-29 p.
Keyword [en]
marine, ecology, climate, production, plankton, mesocosm, trophic, balance, dissolved organic carbon, stratification
National Category
Ecology Microbiology Botany Zoology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128844DOI: 10.3354/meps11907ISI: 000391695800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128844DiVA: diva2:1057008
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2017-08-30Bibliographically approved

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Båmstedt, UlfWikner, Johan
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Umeå Marine Sciences Centre (UMF)Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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CiteExportLink to record
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