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Respiratory and Ocular Symptoms Among Employees at Swedish Indoor Swimming Pools
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 58, no 12, 1190-1195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: This study investigated trichloramine exposure and prevalence of respiratory and ocular symptoms among Swedish indoor swimming pool workers.

Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to pool workers and referents. Lung function and fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) were measured before and after work. Exposure to trichloramine and trihalomethanes was measured over work shifts.

Results: The mean personal trichloramine exposure was 36 μg/m3. Significantly more exposed workers reported ocular and nasal symptoms. There were significant differences between groups in FeNO change following work, with exposed showing increased FeNO, which grew when analyses included only nonsmokers.

Conclusions: The findings indicate that indoor swimming pool environments may have irritating effects on mucous membranes. FeNO data also indicate an inflammatory effect on central airways, but the clinical relevance is unclear. Low trichloramine levels found in this study were not associated with health effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 58, no 12, 1190-1195 p.
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128843DOI: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000883ISI: 000390238500008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128843DiVA: diva2:1057013
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2017-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, Kåre
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • sv-SE
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Output format
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