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Effects ofγ-irradiation on the stability of colloidal Na+-Montmorillonite dispersions
2008 (English)In: Applied Clay Science, ISSN 0169-1317, E-ISSN 1872-9053, Vol. 43, 86-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In many concepts forfinal storage of spent nuclear fuel bentonite will be used as an engineered barrier,mainly due to its inertness, plasticity and ability to retard transport of radionuclides by adsorption. In theevent of water-bearing fractures making contact with the bentonite barrier, generation and transport ofcolloidal particles will strongly depend on groundwater composition and the surface properties of thecolloidal particles. The bentonite barrier will unavoidably be exposed to ionizing radiation from the spentnuclear fuel but very little is known about effects of ionizing radiation on bentonite concerning colloidalstability. In this work we have studied the effect ofγ-radiation on the stability of dilute colloidal Na+-montmorillonite dispersions using a Cs-137γ-source (doses of 0–53.2 kGy).Aggregation kinetics and sedimentation experiments revealed significant radiation effects, evident asincreased colloid stability. The only rationale for this is aγ-radiation induced increase in surface potential.The effects appeared to depend on the Na+-montmorillonite concentration in the irradiated dispersions,indicating that the change in surface potential is induced by aqueous radiolysis products.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2008. Vol. 43, 86-90 p.
Keyword [en]
Radiation effects, y-radiation, montmorillonite, colloid stability, bentonite
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-128992DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2008.07.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-128992DiVA: diva2:1058206
Available from: 2016-12-20 Created: 2016-12-20 Last updated: 2016-12-20

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