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Enhanced Water Purification: A Single Atom Makes a Difference
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2009 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 43, no 14, 5416-5422 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aluminum Keggin polycation (Al(13)) has been identified as an effective specie for neutralization and coagulation of anionic contaminants in water. In this study, we compare efficacy of the aluminum Keggin-ion to the analogues containing a single Ga-atom or single Ge-atom (GaAl(12) and GeAl(12), respectively) substituted into the center of the polycation in water-treatment studies. We investigated removal of bacteriophage (model viruses), Cryptosporidium, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and turbidity. In every study, the order of contaminant removal efficacy trends GaAl(12) > Al(13) > GeAl(12). By ESI MS (electrospray ionization mass spectrometry), we noted the GaAl(12) deprotonates least of the three aluminum polycations, and thus probably carries the highest charge, and also optimal contaminant-neutralization ability. The ESI MS studies of the aluminum polycation solutions, as well as solid-state characterization of their resulting precipitates both reveal some conversion of Al(13) to larger polycations, Al(30) for instance. The GaAl(12) does not show any evidence for this alteration that is responsible for poor shelf life of commercial prehydrolyzed aluminum coagulants such as polyaluminum chloride. Based on these studies, we conclude that substitution of a single Ga-atom in the center of the aluminum Keggin polycation produces an optimal water-treatment product due to enhanced shelf life and efficacy in neutralization of anionic contaminants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 43, no 14, 5416-5422 p.
National Category
Analytical Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129144DOI: 10.1021/es803683tISI: 000268138000042PubMedID: 19708375OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-129144DiVA: diva2:1058591
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2017-02-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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