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Long noncoding RNA, polycomb, and the ghosts haunting INK4b-ARF-INK4a expression.
2011 (English)In: Cancer Research, ISSN 0008-5472, E-ISSN 1538-7445, Vol. 71, no 16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Polycomb group proteins (PcG) function as transcriptional repressors of gene expression. The important role of PcG in mediating repression of the INK4b-ARF-INK4a locus, by directly binding to the long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) transcript antisense noncoding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL), was recently shown. INK4b-ARF-INK4a encodes 3 tumor-suppressor proteins, p15(INK4b), p14(ARF), and p16(INK4a), and its transcription is a key requirement for replicative or oncogene-induced senescence and constitutes an important barrier for tumor growth. ANRIL gene is transcribed in the antisense orientation of the INK4b-ARF-INK4a gene cluster, and different single-nucleotide polymorphisms are associated with increased susceptibility to several diseases. Although lncRNA-mediated regulation of INK4b-ARF-INK4a gene is not restricted to ANRIL, both polycomb repressive complex-1 (PRC1) and -2 (PRC2) interact with ANRIL to form heterochromatin surrounding the INK4b-ARF-INK4a locus, leading to its repression. This mechanism would provide an increased advantage for bypassing senescence, sustaining the requirements for the proliferation of stem and/or progenitor cell populations or inappropriately leading to oncogenesis through the aberrant saturation of the INK4b-ARF-INK4a locus by PcG complexes. In this review, we summarize recent findings on the underlying epigenetic mechanisms that link PcG function with ANRIL, which impose gene silencing to control cellular homeostasis as well as cancer development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 71, no 16
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129262DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-4379PubMedID: 21828241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-129262DiVA: diva2:1058966
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2016-12-22

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CiteExportLink to record
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