umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Offer, minne, och utsatthet: diskurser om alkohol i våldtäkts- och misshandelsmål
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4540-5373
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4540-5373
2016 (Swedish)In: Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap, ISSN 1654-5443, E-ISSN 2001-1377, Vol. 37, no 4, 102-124 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The alcohol consumption of female rape victims is often discussed during rape trials. This has been regarded as an emblematic example of victim blaming and the failures of the legal system in relation to rape. From a feminist perspective it can be seen as an expression of the structural subordination of women in society in general.

This article investigates the meanings attached to alcohol in written court decisions in Swedish rape trials (2008-2012). Rape trials are contrasted with assault trials, where the complainants are men. Thirty court decisions from each type of trial are compared, with the same number of guilty and not-guilty verdicts.

Quantitative analysis reveals that alcohol consumption is mentioned more often in rape trials, where it also appears more relevant to decision-making. The complainants' consumption is mentioned four times more often than the defendants' consumption. In assault decisions, the mentioning of alcohol consumption is distributed roughly equally between the parties.  

The analysis shows how a large proportion of the alcohol references in both rape trials and assault trials can be regarded as largely irrelevant noise. The remaining alcohol references are understood in terms of five interpretative repertoires: 1) the accuracy of memory on part of witnesses; 2) explanations of seemingly irrational behaviors; 3) vulnerability, 4) getting the victim drunk, and 5) moral character. The latter three interpretive repertoires are more common in rape decisions. As a conclusion, part of the preoccupation with rape victims’ alcohol consumption can be attributed to protectionary strategies, and should thus not be regarded as victim-blaming. However, some assessments appear to build on assumptions that information about alcohol consumption is indicative to moral character that is relevant to court decisions. 

Abstract [sv]

Hur våldtäktsmål och våldtäktsoffer hanteras är en ständigt aktuell fråga, som nyligen föranledde ytterligare en statlig offentlig utredning (SOU 2016:60). I denna artikel har Maritha Jacobsson och Stefan Sjöström undersökt hur alkohol relateras till i våldtäktsdomar, och jämfört detta med misshandelsdomar. De konstaterar att alkoholkonsumtion ibland kan hjälpa till att få en fällande dom, medan det i andra fall blir till en nackdel för den målsägande.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 37, no 4, 102-124 p.
Keyword [en]
rape, assault, alcohol, victimisation, victimology, victim-blaming, discourse
Keyword [sv]
våldtäkt, misshandel, alkohol, skuldbeläggande, viktimologi, brottsoffer, diskurs
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129531OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-129531DiVA: diva2:1061321
Projects
Diskriminerar rättssystemet kvinnliga brottsoffer? Trovärdighet hos kvinnliga och manliga brottsoffer (Brottsoffermyndigheten)
Funder
Breast Cancer Research Foundation, BCRF
Available from: 2017-01-02 Created: 2017-01-02 Last updated: 2017-07-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(300 kB)3 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 300 kBChecksum SHA-512
f8ecf5e8e69fd315edc831db1237581a3019d6227d527bbf1a4b5304e35492d353c9f3c800faed1ae4a1fdf3e063327aca6b7c7eef728342ee85b77f8667ad22
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

URL

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Jacobsson, MarithaSjöström, Stefan
By organisation
Department of Social Work
In the same journal
Tidskrift för Genusvetenskap
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 3 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 303 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf