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Becoming original: effects of strategy instruction
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies. Research Institute of Child Development and Education, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 127, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands; University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
2016 (English)In: Instructional science, ISSN 0020-4277, E-ISSN 1573-1952, Vol. 44, no 6, 543-566 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Visual arts education focuses on creating original visual art products. A means to improve originality is enhancement of divergent thinking, indicated by fluency, flexibility and originality of ideas. In regular arts lessons, divergent thinking is mostly promoted through brainstorming. In a previous study, we found positive effects of an explicit instruction of metacognition on fluency and flexibility in terms of the generation of ideas, but not on the originality of ideas. Therefore, we redesigned the instruction with a focus on building up knowledge about creative generation strategies by adding more complex types of association, and adding generation through combination and abstraction. In the present study, we examined the effects of this intervention by comparing it with regular brainstorming instruction. In a pretest-posttest control group design, secondary school students in the comparison condition received the brainstorm lesson and students in the experimental condition received the newly developed instruction lesson. To validate the effects, we replicated this study with a second cohort. The results showed that in both cohorts the strategy instruction of 50 min had positive effects on students' fluency, flexibility and originality. This study implies that instructional support in building up knowledge about creative generation strategies may improve students' creative processes in visual arts education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 44, no 6, 543-566 p.
Keyword [en]
Creativity, Divergent thinking, Strategy instruction, Visual arts education
National Category
Didactics Visual Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129798DOI: 10.1007/s11251-016-9384-yISI: 000387164200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-129798DiVA: diva2:1063246
Available from: 2017-01-09 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2017-01-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf