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Kreativt matematiskt grundat resonerande och effekter av arbetsminne, flytande intelligens och Need for Cognition
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning har visat att kreativt matematiskt grundat resonerande (CMR) är en mer effektiv metod än algoritmiskt resonerande (AR) för att lära sig matematik. Kognitiv förmåga samt personlighet har också visats påverka inlärningen. Syftet med denna studie var att jämföra effekten av två olika matematiska inlärningsmetoder och undersöka deras förhållande till kognitiv förmåga samt personlighetsdraget Need for cognition (viljan att kognitivt elaborera). Två grupper bestående av  gymnasieelever (N = 132) fick öva med två olika metoder, AR eller CMR.. En vecka senare genomförde båda grupperna samma matematiktest. Resultaten visade att de som övat med CMR presterade signifikant bättre än de som övat med AR. Kognitiv förmåga predicerade resultat på matematiktestet i båda grupperna. Resultaten är linje med tidigare forskning. Need for cognition predicerade enbart testresultat i CMR-gruppen. 

Abstract [en]

Previous studies have shown that creative mathematical grounded reasoning (CMR) is a more effective method than algoritmic reasoning (AR) when it comes to learning mathematics. Moreover cognitive ability and personality have been shown to impact on learning. The aim of the present study is to replicate previous studies where CMR, and the relation to cognitive ability, have been investigated, and to examine the impact of the personality trait Need for cognition (an individual’s tendency to engage in and enjoy effortful thinking) for learning. Two groups of upper secondary school pupils (N = 132) practiced with two different methods, CMR and AR. One week later both groups took the same mathematical test. The results showed that the CMR-group performed significantly better than the AR-group. Cognitive ability predicted results on the mathematical test in both groups. The results is in line with previous studies. Need for cognition only predicted test results in the CMR-group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 22 p.
Keyword [sv]
inlärning, matematik, arbetsminne, flytande intelligens, Need for Cognition
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129860OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-129860DiVA: diva2:1063314
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-10 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2017-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Kreativt matematiskt grundat resonerande och effekter av arbetsminne, flytande intelligens och Need for cognition(1601 kB)18 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
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Output format
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