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Multifamiljeterapi vid behandling av ungdomar med anorexia nervosa: En pilotstudie med fokus på behandlingsinterventioner och familjeklimat
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Multifamiljeterapi (MFT) är en relativt ny metod för att behandla ungdomar med anorexia nervosa (AN) i Sverige. Syftet med denna pilotstudie var att undersöka hur patienter, mammor och pappor upplevde behandlingsinterventioner inom MFT samt om familjeklimatet förändrades efter genomförd behandling. Totalt undersöktes 14 patienter, 14 mammor och 14 pappor utifrån självskattningsformulären Behandlingstillfredsställelse och Familjeklimat (FCS). Resultatet visade att behandlingsinterventionerna storgruppsdiskussioner, smågruppsdiskussioner, gemensamma måltider samt övningar, lekar och rollspel, upplevdes vara hjälpsamma för samtliga grupper. Familjeklimatet förbättrades signifikant över tid avseende dimensionerna närhet och distans. En skillnad påfanns mellan patienter och mammor i upplevelsen av närhet då mammorna skattade lägre på dimensionen närhet än patienterna. Gällande kaos påfanns en interaktionseffekt då patienternas och mammornas upplevelse av kaos minskade medan pappornas ökade något. Resultatet tyder på att samtliga behandlingsinterventioner inom MFT är hjälpsamma och att familjeklimatet i stort förbättras efter behandling. Vidare forskning med större urval behövs för att bekräfta fynden.

Abstract [en]

Multi-family therapy (MFT) is a relatively new treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) in Sweden. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate how patients, mothers and fathers perceived interventions in MFT and if there was a change in family climate after treatment. In total 14 patients, 14 mothers and 14 fathers were examined with the two questionnaires Behandlingstillfredsställelse and Family climate scale (FCS). The results showed that the following interventions in MFT were perceived as helpful for all groups; discussions in large and small groups, group meals, exercises, games and role play. Family climate was significantly improved over time regarding the dimensions closeness and distance. A difference between patients and mothers was found in how they experienced closeness as mothers reported lower closeness than patients. An interaction effect was found regarding chaos as the patients and mothers reported a decrease in chaos while the fathers reported a slight increase. The results indicate that all the interventions in MFT are helpful and that, by and large, family climate improves after treatment. Further research with a larger sample is required to confirm these findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 23 p.
Keyword [sv]
Multifamiljeterapi, anorexia nervosa, familjeklimat
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-129965DiVA: diva2:1063546
External cooperation
Karin Nilsson
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Multifamiljeterapi vid anorexia nervosa
Available from: 2017-01-11 Created: 2017-01-10 Last updated: 2017-01-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Multifamiljeterapi vid behandling av anorexia nervosa: En pilotstudie med fokus på behandlingsinterventioner och familjeklimat(676 kB)83 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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Output format
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