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The features behind relationship satisfaction in friendship and romantic relationships
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Relationship satisfaction is positively related to life satisfaction and subjective well-being. The main aim of this thesis was to investigate what features that may explain satisfaction and dissatisfaction in friendship versus romantic relationships, and to compare the results. This study also aimed to examine the association between perceived loneliness and the degree of satisfaction in friendship versus romantic relationships. A questionnaire was distributed to a group of 93 university students between the ages of 18 to 41 years. Through thematic analysis it was found that balance, communication, closeness, support, trust, understanding, safety and conflict management were satisfying features in both types of relationships. Lacks of these features were found to be dissatisfying. Other dissatisfying features in romantic relationships were worry, lack of time and stress and in friendship relationships feelings of alienation and superficial relationships were dissatisfying features. Statistical analyses showed a negative association between friendship satisfaction and perceived loneliness. A tendency to a similar association with romantic relationship satisfaction emerged. Yet, there were also indications of the reverse in regard to romantic relationship satisfaction. Moreover, the possibility that friendship relationships might be more important than romantic relationships for university students in order for them not to feel lonely was discussed.

Abstract [sv]

Relationstillfredsställelse har ett positivt samband med livstillfredsställelse och subjektivt välmående. Huvudsyftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka faktorer som skulle kunna förklara tillfredsställelse såväl som otillfredsställelse i vänskaps- respektive kärleksrelationer, samt jämföra dessa resultat. Studien ämnade även undersöka sambandet mellan upplevd ensamhet och graden av tillfredsställelse i vänskaps- respektive kärleksrelationer. En enkät delades ut till 93 universitetsstudenter i åldrarna 18-41 år. Genom tematisk analys framkom balans, kommunikation, närhet, stöd, tillit, förståelse, trygghet och konflikthantering som tillfredsställande faktorer i de båda relationstyperna. Brist på dessa faktorer framkom som otillfredsställande. Andra otillfredsställande faktorer i kärleksrelationer var oro, tidsbrist och stress medan känslor av utanförskap och ytliga relationer framkom som otillfredsställande i vänskapsrelationer. Statistiska analyser påvisade ett negativt samband mellan tillfredsställelse i vänskapsrelationer och upplevd ensamhet. Tendenser till ett liknande samband med tillfredsställelse i kärleksrelationer kunde ses. Trots detta fanns även indikationer för ett motsatt samband gällande tillfredsställelse i kärleksrelationer. Dessutom diskuterades möjligheten att vänskapsrelationer kan vara av större betydelse än kärleksrelationer för att universitetsstudenter inte ska känna sig ensamma.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Relationship satisfaction, relationship dissatisfaction, friendship, romantic relationships, university students
Keyword [sv]
Relationstillfredsställelse, Relationsotillfredsställelse, vänskap, kärleksrelationer, universitetsstudenter
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-130015DiVA: diva2:1063875
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-01-11 Created: 2017-01-11 Last updated: 2017-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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