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Adolescent patients with eating disorders and their parents: a study of self-image and outcome at an intensive outpatient program
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2016 (English)In: Eating and Weight Disorders, ISSN 1124-4909, E-ISSN 1590-1262, Vol. 21, no 4, 607-616 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The main aim of this clinical study was to explore how adolescent patients with eating disorders and their parents report their perceived self-image, using Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB), before and after treatment at an intensive outpatient program. Another aim was to relate the self-image of the young patients to the outcome measures body mass index (BMI) and Children's Global Assessment Scale (C-GAS) score.

Methods A total of 93 individuals (32 adolescents, 34 mothers, and 27 fathers) completed the SASB self-report questionnaire before and after family-based treatment combined with an individual approach at a child and youth psychiatry day care unit. The patients were also assessed using the C-GAS, and their BMI was calculated.

Results The self-image (SASB) of the adolescent patients was negative before treatment and changed to positive after treatment, especially regarding the clusters self-love (higher) and self-blame (lower). A positive correlation between change in self-love and in C-GAS score was found, which rose significantly. Increased self-love was an important factor, explaining a variance of 26 %. BMI also increased significantly, but without any correlation to change in SASB. The patients' fathers exhibited low on the cluster self-protection. Mothers' profiles were in line with a non-clinical group.

Conclusions Results indicate that the self-image of adolescent patients change from negative to positive alongside with a mainly positive outcome of the ED after treatment. Low self-protection according to SASB among fathers suggests the need for greater focus on their involvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 21, no 4, 607-616 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescents, Eating disorders, Outcome, Parents, Self-image
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-129680DOI: 10.1007/s40519-016-0286-4ISI: 000388596700006PubMedID: 27170194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-129680DiVA: diva2:1065050
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-09 Last updated: 2017-01-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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