umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Bedömningsstrategier hos äldre vuxna i förhållande till tillit till minne
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bedömningar spelar en stor roll i vardagslivet för såväl yngre som äldre personer. Forskning har identifierat åtminstone två huvudtyper av strategier för bedömning: regelbaserade och exemplarbaserade strategier. Fram till nu baseras dock denna forskning mestadels på yngre vuxna. Enbart två tidigare studier har undersökt den relativa preferensen av dessa två strategier hos äldre vuxna, med motstridiga resultat. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka huruvida äldre vuxna föredrar regelbaserade bedömningsstrategier samt att undersöka eventuella samband mellan denna preferens, metaminne och episodiskt minne. Deltagarna (N = 40) var mellan 64-75 år. Material som användes var ett bedömningstest med binär uppgift, självskattningsformuläret the Metamemory in Adulthood Questionnaire samt ett minnestest som avser mäta associativt episodiskt minne. Data analyserades med hjälp av kognitiv modellering och multipel logistisk regressionsanalys. Vårt resultat visade på en preferens av regelbaserad bedömningsstrategi för denna åldersgrupp. Resultatet visade även ett signifikant samband mellan att ha skattat en hög upplevd förändring av minnet, hög prestation på minnestestet samt preferens av regelbaserad strategi. Denna studie är således den första att påvisa att äldre personers preferens för regelbaserad strategi kan relateras till både minnesprestation och tillit till det egna minnet. 

Abstract [en]

In people’s everyday life, judgments have an important role to play, for younger as well as for older adults. Research has identified at least two main types of judgment strategies: rule-based and exemplar-based strategies. However, research has until now mostly been focusing on younger adults. Only two earlier studies have examined the relative preference of these two strategies within older adults, with contradictive results. The purpose of this study was to examine whether older adults prefer rule-based strategies and examine possible correlation between this preference, metamemory and episodic memory. Participants (N = 40) were between the age of 64-75 years old. The material that was used was a judgment test with a binary task, the self-reported survey the Metamemory in Adulthood Questionnaire and a memory task that measures associative episodic memory. Data was analyzed by model fit and multiple logistic regressions. Our result showed a preference of rule-based strategies for this age group. The result also showed a significant correlation between a high perceived change of memory, high performance in memory test and preference of rule-based strategy. This study is thus the first to demonstrate that older adult’s preferences for rule-based strategies can be related both to memory performance and to the trust of one’s own memory.         

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 17 p.
Keyword [en]
Judgments, judgments processes, exemplar-based strategies, rule-based strategies, episodic memory, cued recall, older adults, metamemory
Keyword [sv]
Bedömningar, bedömningsstrategier, exemplarbaserad strategi, regelbaserad strategi, episodiskt minne, metaminne, tillit till minne, cued recall, äldre vuxna
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130271OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-130271DiVA: diva2:1065348
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-01-16 Created: 2017-01-15 Last updated: 2017-01-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

By organisation
Department of Psychology
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 56 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf