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Organochlorine pesticides in residential soils and sediments within two main agricultural areas of northwest Mexico: concentrations, enantiomer compositions and potential sources
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry. (EcoChange)
2017 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 173, 275-287 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The agricultural Mexicali and Yaqui valleys (MV, YV) in northwest Mexico were heavily treated with organochlorine pesticides in the past. Residential soils and agricultural drain sediments were sampled in 2008–2009 and analyzed for DDTs (o,p′- and p,p′- isomers of DDE, DDD and DDT); hexachlorocyclohexanes (α-, β-, γ- and δ-HCH) and chlordanes (trans-chlordane, cis-chlordane, heptachlor and heptachlor exo-epoxide). Geometric means (GMs) (ng g−1 dry weight) were: MV soils (n = 27) ΣDDT 22, ΣHCH 0.80, ΣCHL 0.88; YV soils (n = 25) ΣDDT 5.0, ΣHCH 0.23, ΣCHL 0.67; MV sediments (n = 3) ΣDDT 5.0, ΣHCH 0.23, ΣCHL 0.53; YV sediments (n = 8) ΣDDT 2.6, ΣHCH 0.12, ΣCHL 0.090. GMs were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in MV than YV soils for ΣDDT and ΣHCH, but not for ΣCHL. Comparison to worldwide regulatory guideline values (RGVs) for residential soils showed all compounds below mean or GM RGVs, but above the lowest RGV in some cases. Low p,p′-DDT/(p,p′-DDT + p,p′-DDE) in most soils indicated aged residues. Lack of p,p′-DDT metabolism might account for its dominance in a few soils. HCH isomer profiles suggested aged technical HCH in the YV, and technical HCH + lindane in the MV. Heptachlor dominated the ΣCHL, probably from application of technical heptachlor as well as chlordane. Chiral compounds were nonracemic in soils and sediments and indicated enantioselective microbial degradation of (+)α-HCH, (−)trans-chlordane, (−)cis-chlordane and (+)o,p′-DDT. Depletion of (+)o,p′-DDT in soils may account for similar enantiomer signatures previously reported in air of northwest Mexico.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 173, 275-287 p.
Keyword [en]
Organochlorine pesticides, Soil, Sediment, Enantiomers, Mexico
National Category
Chemical Sciences Soil Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130649DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.01.010ISI: 000395213700031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-130649DiVA: diva2:1069076
Available from: 2017-01-27 Created: 2017-01-27 Last updated: 2017-08-30Bibliographically approved

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