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Kost och cancer: En enkätstudie om informationskällor, livsmedel och påverkade matvanor hos individer med en relation till cancer
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Cancer and diet: A questionnaire survey about sources of information, specific types of food and affected eating habits among individuals with a relation to cancer (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund Cancer är en vanlig sjukdom i Sverige och för de som genomgår behandling är det viktigt att tillgodose energi- och proteinbehovet. Olika budskap kring vad som är bra och dåligt att äta relaterat till cancer är vanlig förekommande på internet. Det kan öka risken för att flertalet livsmedel utesluts, och att behovet blir svårare att uppnå. Kunskap om hur olika livsmedel uppfattas är därför av värde för sjukvårdspersonal.

Syfte Att undersöka vilken information om kost och cancer som individer med en relation till cancer tagit del av samt vilka informationskällor som använts.

Metod En pappersenkät samt en webbenkät användes och deltagarna, individer med en cancerrelation, rekryterades via två onkologiska mottagningar samt via Facebook-grupper med koppling till cancer. Totalt samlades 154 svar in och av dessa användes 133 i den statistiska analysen. Insamlad data analyserades med Chi 2-test, One way-ANOVA samt Spearman Correlation

Resultat Internet var den absolut vanligaste informationskällan bland deltagarna (n=114, 86%). Enbart hälften så många hade fått information via sjukvården (n=55, 41%). Deltagarna gjorde ingen skillnad på vad som var bra eller dåligt preventivt respektive under sjukdom. Drygt hälften av deltagarna upplevde att den information de fått påverkade matvanorna. De som använt böcker (p=0,001), slutna Facebook-grupper (p=0,001), bloggar (p=0,011) samt hemsidan ”Läkare för framtiden” (p=0,028) upplevde i större utsträckning av matvanorna påverkats.

Slutsats Då internet var en stor informationskälla vad gäller kost och cancer behöver sjukvården kunna hänvisa patienter till pålitliga hemsidor. Att livsmedel minskas eller utesluts under sjukdom och behandling kan innebära svårigheter att uppnå energi- och proteinbehovet vilket i sin tur kan leda till minskad livskvalitet och avbrott i behandlingen.

Abstract [en]

Background Cancer is a common disease in Sweden and for those undergoing treatment, meeting the energy and protein requirements is important. Different statements about what’s good or bad to eat related to cancer are a frequent phenomenon on the Internet. It can increase the risk of a reduced diet and make it more difficult to achieve the requirements. For health care professionals, knowledge about how different kind of food is perceived is important.

Objective To examine the information on diet and cancer that individuals with a relationship to cancer have received and what kind of information sources that has been used.

Method(s) A paper questionnaire and a web-based questionnaire were used and the participants, individuals with a relation to cancer, were recruited by two oncology clinics and through groups, with a connection to cancer, on Facebook. A total of 154 replies were gathered and of these 133 were used in the statistical analysis. Collected data were analyzed by using Chi-2 test, One Samle-ANOVA and Spearman Correlation.

Results The most common source of information among the participants was the Internet (n=114, 86%). Only half as many had received information through the healthcare system (n=55, 41%). The participants made no divergence between what was good or bad preventively and during cancer. More than half of the participants felt that the information they received affected their eating habits. A higher proportion of the participant who had used books (p=0,001), private Facebook-grups (p=0,001), blogs (p=0,011) or the website ”Läkare för framtiden” (p=0,028) said their eating habits had been affected.

Conclusion Since the Internet was a major source of information about diet and cancer, health care professionals need to refer patients to reliable websites. A reduced diet can make it difficult in achieving energy and proteins needs, which may lead to lower quality of life and interruptions of treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [sv]
Kost, Cancer, Internet, Livsmedel, Diet
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-130964OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-130964DiVA: diva2:1070629
Subject / course
Magisteruppsats i kostvetenskap
Available from: 2017-02-02 Created: 2017-02-02Bibliographically approved

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