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Patienters upplevelse av att genomgå en stamcellstransplantation: En litteraturstudie
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nursing.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Varje år genomförs mer är 50 000 stamcellstransplantationer världen över och antalet ökar. Stamcellstransplantation, är en potentiell terapeutisk behandling för ett flertal olika livshotande blodsjukdomar. Återhämtningen efter behandlingen är lång, genomsnittstiden är ett år innan patienterna är tillbaka till samma livskvalitet de hade innan.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva patienters upplevelse av att genomgå en stamcellstransplantation Metod: En litteraturstudie baserad på 1o kvalitativa studier. Resultat: Resultatet presenterades i fyra kategorier och sammanlagt tolv subkategorier. Att livet hotas innebar osäkerheter och rädslor. Alternativa hanteringsstrategier som användes var optimism, att skjuta ifrån sig, tro på något större, förlita sig på andra och att bli expert på sin sjukdom. Konsekvenser av behandlingen var kroppsligt lidande och att vara nära döden. Nystart innebar en ny tillvaro, förändrad syn på livet och förändrade relationer.

Konklusion: Upplevelsen av behandlingen varierar mellan varje patient och osäkerhet och rädslor inför vad som kommer att hända fanns. Hopp gavs av anhöriga och vårdpersonal. För att hantera situationen använde de sig av olika strategier. Bristfällig information bidrog till patienternas osäkerhet och behov av bättre individuellt anpassad information finns. Nyckelord: Livskvalitet, patienters upplevelse, stamcellstransplantation 

Abstract [en]

Title: Patients' experience of undergoing stem cell transplantation. Background: Every year more than 50 000 stem cell transplantations are performed worldwide. Stem cell transplantation is a potential therapeutic treatment for several life-threatening blood diseases. The recovery after treatment is long, the average time is one year before the patients are back to the same quality of life as they had before treatment started. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patients' experience of undergoing stem cell transplantation. Methods: A literature study based on 10 qualitative articles. Results: The results were presented in four categories and twelve subcategories. Threat on life included both insecurity and fears. Alternative coping strategies used were optimism, distance yourself, believe in something bigger, relying on others and becoming expert on your disease. Consequences of the treatment included bodily suffering and being close to death. The new beginning included a new existence, a changed outlook on life and changed relationships. Conclusion: The experience of the treatment differed between patients and there was uncertainty and fears about what was going to happen. Relatives and health professionals gave hope to the patients. Different coping strategies were used to cope with the situation. Inadequate information contributed to the uncertainty among the patients and there is a need for better individualized information. Keywords: Quality of life, patients experience, stem cell transplantation 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Quality of life, patients experience, stem cell transplantation
Keyword [sv]
Livskvalitet, patienters upplevelse, stamcellstransplantation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-131203OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-131203DiVA: diva2:1072753
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-02-08 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved

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Persson, LinneaStenow, Maria
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
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More languages
Output format
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